Alternative medicine has been becoming more and more popular in Western culture in the recent years. Alternative medicine includes practices that are not generally accepted in the medical profession. Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine that originated from Chinese culture around 200 BCE, came into western culture around 1970, and has been rapidly growing sense (Ehrlich, 2011). The purpose of paper is to give an overview of acupuncture and its relation to osteoarthritis. This paper will cover how acupuncture is performed, what it is used to heal, the efficacy over all, and how acupuncture is related to nursing. The limitation of this paper is that this is a secondary analysis and no studies or participants were actually performed or interviewed.
There are many different types of acupuncture including; traditional Chinese medicine, French energetic acupuncture, Korean hand acupuncture, auricular acupuncture, myofascially based acupuncture, Japanese, and many more. The number of treatments each person needs varies person to person, and by treatment receiving. There are very few complications or adverse reactions that occur from acupuncture, if they do it is from improper sterilization of the needles, broken needles, or bent needles. The adverse effects include bleeding, bruising, fainting, nausea and vomiting (Basch, 2013). As one can see, the adverse reactions are minimal, and should not hold one back from getting the treatment. Acupuncture can be done in clinics, hospitals, individual sessions, or sometimes group sessions, all depending on the type of procedure being done.
Acupuncture is done by trained professionals, who take a general survey of the client before the procedure is done, to get an overall view of the client’s health before the start. The acupuncturist then inserts the needles in a jigging fashion, attempting to balance out the chi energy of the body. Chi energy is believed to regulate spiritual, emotional, mental and physical balance, and maintain normal energy flow in body (Basch, 2013). The needles stay inserted in the skin for fifteen to twenty minutes depending on the treatment, and during this time clients will continue to lie on the table, or some even go to sleep. Once the time is up depending on the treatment, the acupuncturist quickly removes the needles from the body in a painless fashion. Depending on the type of the acupuncture, the needles may be prepared differently or different aromatherapies may be used while the needles are in place, for example, the needles may be heated or spun while in the skin.
Acupuncture is used to treat a variety of health care problems including osteoarthritis, chronic pain, post operative pain, dental procedures, fibromyalgia, nausea, acute cerebral infarction, anesthesia, angina pectoris, anxiety, depression, hypertension, insomnia, rhinitis, skin disorders, weight loss, smoking cessation and many more (Basch, 2013). The purpose of acupuncture depends on the reason it is...