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Acute Injuries And Treatments Essay

1408 words - 6 pages

What are the differences between an acute injury and a chronic injury or disease? An acute injury is one that happens during a single event not over a period of time while a chronic injury could develop or worsen over time. Chronic injuries usually happen as a result repetitive trauma to the same area injuring it worse every time. If not treated, an acute injury can turn into a chronic injury. There are many times of acute injuries, many of which result from sporting accidents. An acute injury is trauma to a certain area of the body that may or may not cause extensive pain. Acute injuries can be classified as injuries to the bones, muscles, tendons, mencius, and ligaments. When an acute injury occurs, the victim may experience bruising, swelling and sometimes dislocation of the affected area. The time it takes the injury to heal is a better indicator of which type of injury the patient is suffering from.
When treating an acute injury, remember the acronym R.I.C.E. The “R” stands for rest. After an injury occurs, rest is important because it gives the affected area time to attempt to heal itself. The “I” represents ice. Ice is needed to minimize swelling to the injured area. When icing an area, use the twenty minutes off and twenty minutes on. When using ice, be sure to have a barrier between the ice and skin to prevent hypothermia or freezing the skin. An example of a barrier would be a paper towel or some type of cloth. The “C” stands for compression. When compressing an injured area, it also causes the swelling to decrease. When an injury is swollen, it may delay the injury to complete necessary healing. When wrapping to compress an injury, an ACE bandage normally works the best. If you begin to notice a throbbing sensation or a change of color in affected area, this means you have wrapped the injury too tight. The “E” stands for elevation. When elevating a particular area, the injured area must be held higher than the heart for proper circulation of the injured area. For example, if you have an injured knee or ankle, the easiest way to get this injury above the level of your heart would be to lay down flat and use several pillows to prop up the affected area. Taking a medication such as Tylenol will also reduce the swelling and pain. R.I.C.E is a method you can use at home and works best with simple injuries such as sprained ankles. If after using R.I.C.E and the swelling still occurs after 48 hours, your doctor should be contacted because the injury could be more extensive than originally thought. After the swelling goes away completely, remember to work the rotation of the area to regain motion in the joint. If the swelling has not gone away or the injury is not all the way healed and it becomes overworked, a high risk of re-injury occurs.
There are many types of acute injuries. The most common acute sprains, fractures and dislocations. An acute injury is normally caused by compression, tension and or sheering. Other types of acute...

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