Acute Kidney Failure Essay

1594 words - 7 pages

Acute Renal Failure

A client arrives at a clinic with with complains of asthenia, malaise, headache,
weight gain, and a decrease in urination. A tentative diagnosis of acute renal failure is
made. Explain the pathophysiology of acute renal failure. Include prerenal, intrarenal and
postrenal cause. Acute kidney failure occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to
filture waste products from your blood. Unfortunatley this leads to unbalanced levels
of waste accumilated in the blood making this a very serious problem. This condition
can be fatal and requires intensive treatment. Fortunately, however this may be reversible. Prerenal kidney failure occurs suddently when a reduction in blood flow to the kidneys causes loss of kidney function. Prerenal renal failure is the most common type of acute renal failure. This complication is product of many diseases, conditions, and medications that decrease the normal amount of fluid and blood especially in the body. Some examples of these medications are ACE Inhibitors and NSAIDS, severe dehydration, and burns. Another type of kidney faiulre is Intrarenal. This condition occurs when direct damage to the kineys causes a sudden loss of kidney function. Acute tubular nerosis is a very common cause of Intrarenal renal failure, a condition in which the small filtering tubes in the kidney are injured. Other causes are complicated surgeries

ACUTE RENAL FAILURE 3 (cardiovascular or abdominal), severe burns, or extreme muscle ingury. Postrenal kidney failure occurs when an obstruction in the urinary track below the kidney causes waste to build up in the kidney. Blockage in the urinary tract may produce an obstruction in one or both kidneys. Overtime the build up may prevent the normal flow of the urine, leading to postrenal acute renal failure. Unfortunetly, very serious conditions follow for example kidney stones, enlarged prostate, blood clots in the ureters or urethra, cancer of the prostate, cervix or colon. Immediate treatment is required.
What diagnostic exams would be used to diagnose acute renal failure? How do these tests change as renal failure progresses through its three stages? Discuss compare and contrast the three stages. Some tests and diagnosis include urine output measurments, urine tests, blood tests, imaging tests(ultrasound and computerized tomography), and the most invasive a kidney biopsy. The primary health care provier will usually start with the least inavsive procedure and as the stages or severity changes to more serious and ...

Find Another Essay On Acute Kidney Failure

Chronic Renal Failure Essay

1011 words - 4 pages kidneys are less able than normal to do their usual function. There are two classes of kidney failure: acute renal failure (ARF) and chronic renal failure (CRF). This essay will focus on CRF and explain its two major causes. Chronic Renal Failure Chronic renal failure is progressive destruction of kidney tissue by disease; if not treated by dialysis (removal of waste substances from the blood of a patient who suffers from kidney failure

Acute Renal Failure Essay

1388 words - 6 pages ultrasound. An abdominal x-ray, abdominal CT scan, or abdominal MRI can go into further detail by showing if there is an obstruction in the urinary tract. Kidney disease is a process in which the kidneys over time loose its function therefore; it is categorized into 3 stages. Acute renal failure being the first less severe stage, the second stage is chronic renal failure which is where the patient experiences physical symptoms, and stage three end

Acute Renal Failure Q&A

1244 words - 5 pages Acute renal failure, define as the incapability of the kidney to get rid of excess body fluids, waste products and minerals in the body that causes accumulation which leads to the complications to the other parts of the system. The pathophysiology of acute renal failure include the: pre-renal, intrarenal and postrenal causes. Pre-renal cause is the failure of the urinary mechanism to work due to perfusion of the kidney caused by the depression

Renal Failure: Nursing Care Plan and Goals

862 words - 3 pages Problem #1 A man presents to the clinic with complaints of asthenia, malaise, headache, weight gain, and a decrease in urination. A tentative diagnosis of acute renal failure is made. Acute renal failure is a steady and fast deterioration of the functioning of the kidneys. This happens when there is a high level of the waste from the kidneys is left unattended. Acute renal failure occurs when the kidney fails to push out the waste or the

Analysis and Description of Nephrolithiasis

1472 words - 6 pages stone is blocking urine flow from the bladder. Inflammation of the bladder lining from the stone and concentrated urine can lead to infection. Along with the risk of infection, your bladder will become distended and cause you considerable pain. Surgical intervention may be necessary. A serious complication of kidney stones is acute kidney failure. If the kidney stone blocks the ureter so that urine cannot drain from the affected kidney

Kidney Transplantation

822 words - 3 pages financial support, not only we could save his life right now, but we could save the life of many other patients in the future.The community hospital could use Mr. Waller's financial support to buy haemodialysis equipments. Haemodialysis equipments are used as artificial kidney for thousands of people who suffer from acute renal failure. These equipments help kidney failure patients to per long their lives until they receive perfect-match kidney.On

The Equtiy and Efficientcy of Kidney Transplants

2606 words - 11 pages the disease and costs related to the disease are in question to be included in the national programs for non-communicable diseases which can help support financial burden within the disease. Kidney transplant is seen as a treatment of choice after the stage of kidney failure. Sometimes failure of transplant is due to the donor’s age or in bad health which can only let the recipient gain a few years of life. Now it brings us to the controversial

Diseases: Renal Failure

1127 words - 5 pages Renal failure occurs when the kidneys suffer from decreased blood flow which subsequentially impairs renal function (Linton, 2012). Kidney injury can be acute or chronic. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is irreversible damage caused to the kidneys that requires long-term treatment. It is characterized by increased nitrogenous wastes in the blood. The kidneys are impaired to an extent where fluid and electrolyte balance cannot be maintained. This

Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in the Intensive Care Unit

3235 words - 13 pages with IHD. The CRRT provided to the patients with acute renal failure within the intensive care units only. Given the slow continuous hemodialysis nature of it, make it resembling the native kidney function. So it well tolerated by hemodynaamically unstable patients, regulate acid base balance and remove large amount of fluid and waste over time .The most common indication for initiation of (CRRT) are anuria or oliguria less than 200 ml over 24

Caring For an Aboriginal Patient with Chronic Renal Failure

2832 words - 11 pages //LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=vfDcA4sEUMs%3d&tabid=635&mid=1584 Kidney Health Australia. (2013). Fast Facts On CKD in Australia. Retrieved from LaCharity, L. (2013). Medical-Surgical Nursing: Patient-Centered Collaborative Care. Missouri (United States). Saunders. Mathers, T. & Bonner, A., (2008). Acute Renal Failure and Chronic Kidney Disease. In Brown, D. & Edwards, H

Potential Health Risks from Inappropriate Prescription of ACE Inhibitors

1390 words - 6 pages Severe side effects of ACEIs include angioedema, acute kidney injury, and sleep apnea which can ultimately be life threatening.4,9-11 Angioedema, the swelling of superficial tissues, is the most common adverse side effect of ACEI prescriptions and has been the target of many research studies.4,9 The mechanism of ACEI-associated angioedema is normally attributed to the accumulation of vasoactive bradykinin secondary to the inhibition of ACE, one of the

Similar Essays

The Pathophysiology Of Acute Renal Failure

937 words - 4 pages Explain the pathophysiology of acute renal failure. Include prerenal, intrarenal and postrenal causes. The pathophysiology of acute renal failure takes place when the kidney no longer works properly. Prerenal causes of acute kidney failure are a lack of prefusion to the kidney. The primary cause of prerenal is ischemia, or inadequate blood flow to the kidney. This lack of perfusion leads to renal failure. Some causes of prerenal acute renal

Should It Be Legal To Buy A Kidney?

908 words - 4 pages their kidney function due to disease or an accident apply to receive a transplant? Kidney failure has to be treated quickly in order to prevent life threatening consequences. During the treatment of the kidney, it is also important to prevent waste products to build up in your body. Dialysis is usually only short term. (Acute Kidney Failure, 2012) Why are kidney donors difficult to find? Although living with one kidney is perfectly fine, if

Kidney Failure Essay

970 words - 4 pages the kidneys are less able than normal to do their usual function. There are two classes of the kidney failure. The first one is acute renal failure which is abbreviated to (ARF) and the second one is chronic renal failure where can be shortened to (CRF). Gaw et al (2008) identified the differences between them as that the kidneys in acute kidney failure fail over a period of days or hours, while the chronic kidney failure develops over years or

Renal Failure Essay

1307 words - 5 pages dehydration i.e... vomiting diarrhea, or sweating, or poor fluid intake. Other factors could also include weak or irregular blood flow to and from the kidneys because of an obstruction in the renal artery or vein. Intrarenal kidney failure is damage directly to the kidney. Causes include sepsis (the body is overwhelmed by infection and shuts down) multiple myeloma (acute glomerulonephritis or inflammation of the kidneys filtering system) as well as