Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Essay

2091 words - 8 pages

Acute lymphocytic leukemia is also called acute lymphoblastic leukemia or ALL. This disease is primarily when the white blood cell, WBC, making tissue releases too many undeveloped lymphocytes. The immature lymphocytes then collect in lymph tissues. The tissues swell which makes it harder for the bone marrow to produce other blood cells. If the bone marrow cannot function properly the red blood cell, RBC, count decreases causing anemia. The bone marrow also cannot create the platelets needed to cause clots, therefore resulting in the body bleeding and bruising more easily. The lymphocytes can also invade other organs, impairing their ability to function properly. ALL accounts for twenty-five percent of cancers affecting children under the age of fifteen. It is most prevalent in children between the ages of two and five and adults over the age of forty-five. (Freireich, 2008) Men are more likely to develop ALL. In 2007, the median age for diagnosis of ALL was 13 years old and the average age of death was 49 years old. The average survival rate for ALL is sixty percent. ALL infects 2,500–3,500 children and less than 1000 adults are diagnosed will ALL each year (Altekrus, 2010). Leukemia treatments are very expensive. The cost for one round of chemotherapy can cost around 150,000 dollars. For most cases of ALL more than one round of chemotherapy is needed. In addition to this, the client may need a bone marrow transplant. This costs around 250,000 dollars. There are addition costs for doctors visits, antibiotics, hospital stays, blood transfusions, and after care. All of these costs add up can add up to over a million dollars. Cancer accounts for 104.1 billion dollars of medical expenses each year in the United States. Leukemia accounts for 4.507 billion dollars (N.A., 2010)
It is believed that ALL is started by a single progenitor cell that reproduces at a fast rate, multiple times. The leukemic cells start in either B or T lymphocytes. Approximately 80% of cases start with immature B cells. One to two percent are mature B cells. Fifteen to twenty percent of all cases are derived from T cells. These cases are associated with cases that occur in older males and a need for a higher dosage of chemotherapy. In addition, the chromosomes play an important part in the diagnosis of the subtype of ALL. The TEL-AML1 fusion gene can indicate an early B cell type of leukemia. This gene also indicates a favorable prognosis. The bcr-abl t translocation gene is seen in three to five percent of all cases. Those diagnosed with ALL that have this gene will have a higher WBC count and a poorer prognosis. A rearrangement of the MLL gene accounts for 80% of infant ALL cases. The prognosis for this is poor despite the use of high intensity chemotherapeutics. There is only a twenty percent survival rate (Esparza, Sakamoto, 2005).
Manifestation of the Disease
When diagnosing ALL a complete patient history is taken. The client would present with...

Find Another Essay On Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

Leukemia Essay

1285 words - 5 pages Myeloid Leukemia (CML) on the other hand affects myeloid cells and tends to develop slowly at first. As well as CLL, it mainly affects adults, and is a disease that is accounted for nearly 5,000 new cases each year. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) affects myeloid cells, just as CML disease. This type of disease grows quickly and occurs in both children and adults, with 13,000 cases each year. Acute Lymphocytic (lymphoblastic) Leukemia (ALL) on the other

Leukemia 2 Leukemia In the last 40-50 years science has

1115 words - 4 pages . The four are as follows: Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).Researchers continue to do this in an attempt to answer the following questions: 1. What is Leukemia? 2. What are the causes of leukemia? 3. Who is at risk of developing leukemia? 4. What are the treatments for it? What is Leukemia? Leukemia, as stated, is any one of over 100 forms of cancer


1653 words - 7 pages disease is spread through other parts of the body like : fever, weakness, fatigue, loss of appetite, headache, paralysis, seizures, bone or joint pain. There are two types of leukemia : myelogenous or granulocytic and lympathic. This terms are divided depending on the types of blood cells involved in the disease (lymphoid cells or myeloid cells). The main forms of leukemia are : * Acute lymphocytic leukemia which is

Linking Down’s Syndrome and Leukemia

1180 words - 5 pages . Children who have Down’s syndrome possess a much greater risk for developing acute myeloid leukemia than children with Down’s syndrome. “Down Syndrome (DS) children have a 10- to 20-fold increase in both acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia” (Springer, 1). However, these same children with both Down’s syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia can boast a great chance at surviving acute myeloid leukemia in particular as well as other

Battling Childhood Leukemia

2016 words - 9 pages process in aiding them to survive the illness. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) is one and the greatest common type of Leukemia that has touched more young patients than any other type. ALL starts from lymphoid cells in the bone marrow. It is also responsible for 1,400 deaths a year. ALL tends to develop quickly the number of leukemia cells, which makes this type of cancer increase rapidly. Children with ALL develop more infections because the cells

Leukemia: Treatment Through Biological Therapy and Chemotherapy

1138 words - 5 pages , control bleeding, or fight infections. In 2013, more than 43,000 adults and 5,000 children and teens will be diagnosed with this disease in the United States (National Cancer Institute, 2013). Leukemia’s are grouped by the speed of progression (acute or chronic) as well as by the type of blood cell that is involved (lymphocytes or myelocytes). The four main types of leukemia are acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL

Leukemia: The Disease and The Treatment

1059 words - 4 pages blood cell being affected; Lymphocytic (affecting the Lymphocytes) and Myeloid (affecting the Myelocytes). This gives us four types of Leukemia; Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (peak prevalence between the ages of 2-9years). (Almeida & Barry, 2010) Treatments New treatments are being discovered yearly and are constantly being improved. The treatment for Leukemia depends

Leukemia: Cancer of the Blood

1634 words - 7 pages within 5 to 10 years of treatment (Parks 40). In the case of Leukemia, surgery is generally not an option because blood cancers are more diffuse throughout the entire body than solid tumors (Bozzone 120). Next, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia is a disease affecting children between the ages of 3 to 7. 80% of children who develop leukemia have the ALL form of the disease. The causes of ALL are not well understood. Exposure to high doses of radiation

Leukemia and Its Treatment

840 words - 3 pages cancer that starts in the organs that makes blood, namely the bone marrow and the lymph system. Acute leukemia spreads very quickly. Chronic leukemia is when many white blood cells are made in the bone marrow. Depending on the type of white blood cell that is involved chronic leukemia can be classified as chronic lymphocytic leukemia or chronic myeloid leukemia. Chronic leukemia spreads slowly.( Longe,186)      There are many different types of


1479 words - 6 pages blood. Around 30 years after the discovery of the disease, doctors organized four types of Leukemia: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, Erythroleukemia and Chronic Lymphocytic and Myelogenous Leukemias.Disease DescriptionThe term Leukemia is a broad term that consists of different cancers that occur in the bone marrow, the soft, spongy center of bones, which is responsible for supplying blood cells. The cells that are produced in the bone marrow include


1781 words - 7 pages radiation,toxic chemicals, and viruses.The symptoms are enlarged lymph nodes, liver, and spleen, fatigue, abnormal bruising, night sweats, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Another type of leukemia is Acute Lymphocytic leukemia, it is a malignant disease known because of the large numbers of immature white blood cells.These cells can be found in the blood, the bone marrow, the lymph nodes, and other major organs. This type is responsible for eighty

Similar Essays

Cardiovascular System: Leukemia Cancer (Cancer Of The Blood)

1257 words - 6 pages of leukemia cancers and they are acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. Leukemia does not have a certain time span of development; it all depends on the type of cancer a patient is diagnosed. Adults and mostly children develop acute cancers, which grow rapidly in the human body. Adults mostly develop chronic cancers, which grower slower than acute cancers. Leukemia can

Leukemia Essay 1985 Words

1985 words - 8 pages common types of leukemia: chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), acute lymphocytic leukemia(ALL), and acute myelogenous leukemia(AML) ("Leukemia"). Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is common in adults ages 55 and over and grows slowly. CLL almost never affects children. According to Nordqvist, "75% of treated CLL patients survive for over five years. Experts say CLL is incurable." Chronic myelogenous is very similar to CLL

Childhood Leukemia Essay

1227 words - 5 pages become cancerous and rapidly replace normal cells in the bone marrow. This type of leukemia affects people of all ages, but mostly adults. Exposure to large doses of radiation and use of some cancer chemotherapy drugs increase the likelihood of developing acute myeloid leukemia. Acute myeloid leukemia may also be called by several names, including myelocytic, myelogenous, myelobiastic, and myelomonocytic leukemia Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL

Taking A Closer Look At Leukemia

1197 words - 5 pages white blood. Years after, Virchow discovered the two major types of leukemia. (“The Discovery”) When leukemia slowly advances, it is known as the Chronic Leukemia. Chronic Lymphatic Leukemia, Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphatic Leukemia, and Acute Myeloid Leukemia are the four kinds of leukemia. There is also Hairy Cell Leukemia, but it’s rare. The sorts of leukemia can be classified on the kind of white blood cells that are affected. (“The