Qualities of women were assessed and defined on the subservient and passiveness scale. The character of women is in direct effect of specific attributes like modesty, humility, chastity, temperance, and patience to name a few. These distinctive quality traits provide a description of someone who’s powerless on decisions with compliance at all times. Women from the Renaissance era must docile when speaking, and never speak out of anger or argue, nor must she be clever and witty. The detracted value of women was established long after Adam and Eve sinned together.
The marriage structure in the Renaissance era explicitly exhibits gender roles of husband and wife, and men and women. Marriage was construed as a dominant and authoritative link. In accordance to the Bible, it is the duty of the husband to govern his wife in the obligations of marriage, and maintain his wisdom and judgment to remain worthy in the eyes of God. Since marriage is a contract, the wife must be conventional of her husband’s control. If a woman marries then she’s in accord and must conform to her husband’s total control.
Authors Joseph Swetnam and Rachel Speght are on opposite sides of the spectrum when it comes to the true purpose of women in 1615. In Swetnam’s pamphlet, The Arraignment of Lewd Women, it is obvious that his perception of women is clouded by his presumptions ego. Speght's pamphlet A Muzzle for Melastomus was written in direct response to Swetnam's anti-female diatribe, which condemns women as immoral and pathetically inadequate. Swetnam is a misogynist and Speght is female warrior.
He composed four pamphlets of foolish concepts and illogical thoughts about purpose of women’s existence. In the pamphlet, Swetnam stated unwarranted accusation that women are deceptive creatures with expensive taste. With this kind of interest, women have strayed away from the submissive role as wife, helpmates and mothers and traditional women. Swetnam states, “It also shows that most of them degenerate from the use they were framed unto, by leading a proud, lazy, and idle life, to the great hindrance of their poor husbands” (1545). With women drifting from their birth role originated by God, this creates melancholy within a man's home. He offers no poignant examples of women placing hindrance on their husbands emotionally, physically, and financially.
Swetnam applies his theory concept to biblical passages that offers explanation behind the true existence of women. In chapter one, he mentions Moses description of women and it states, “ He also say that they were made of the rib of man…for a rib is a crooked thing, good for nothing else, and women are crooked by nature, for small occasion will cause them to be angry” (1545). Men are bound to experience ill fate by women because predecessor Eve was crook. Swetnam encourages men to not marry for it brings nothing more than ruins into your life.
He continues with citing biblical sources to convey his theory that...