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Adaptability Of The Adolescent Brain Essay

1515 words - 6 pages

The main point of this article is to try and understand why teenagers behave like they do. As an adult trying to understand what is going through a teenager’s brain it is almost overwhelming. Watching them do things that they know could cause severe injury and not seem to have a care in the world. What is it that makes a teenager act the way they do? Do they not care if they get hurt?
The information given in the article, Beautiful Brains Moody. Impulsive. Maddening. Why do teenagers act the way they do? Viewed through the eyes of evolution, their most exasperating traits may be the key to success as adults; it discusses the evolution of how adolescents were thought of then and now. The understanding of how the human brain works and develops with age gives a better understanding of why teens act the way they do. Aristotle believed that this was just human nature that adolescents acted in the manner they did (Wood, Wood, & Boyd, 2004, p7). There are several theories based on studies over time that have changed as technologies were developed. One thing that still seems to stay the same, no matter what century or type of study performed, adolescence is turmoil not only for the kids but also for all the adults that have to figure them out.
Without research, the understanding of human development would be the same as it was back in the times of Plato (427-347 BC) and Aristotle (384-322 BC). Since that time the research has continued to develop, additional understandings of how the brain develops and processes the information it is receiving. During Aristotle’s time, the lack of technology only allowed him to theorize based on the behavior he witnessed. The evolution of ways to explore the brain has changed over the past 2500 years.
In Chapter 8 of our textbook, it discusses human development. It was not until 1904 when G. Stanley Hall decided to formalize a study on adolescence and write a book about it. In his book, he talks about the changes that occur between childhood and adulthood. Hall felt this portion of the human development was similar to how less sophisticated humans behaved hundreds of centuries ago (Wood, Wood, & Boyd, 2004, p. 276.
Sigmund Freud developed a theory about the conscious mind. His theory on personality is broken into three sections. The first section is known as the id (ID) portion of a person’s personality. ID is where pleasure principals are at. The second section is the Ego, which is where a persons’ personality of logic, rationalism and reality are developed. Section three is referred to as the superego. According to Freud this is the portion of the human personality that morality develops around the age of five or six years of age. The superego being broken down even further into two sections includes the conscience and the ego idea. According to Freud the conscious is where behaviors that received a punishment or that a child felt guilty are that housed. The ego is the part that conscious is where...

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