This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Add/Adhd Essay

2028 words - 8 pages

There are many mental disorders that plague the United States. Many of these disorders share common symptoms, because of this they can be very easily misdiagnosed at first sight. However, perhaps the most misdiagnosed, and over diagnosed disorder is Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), and the very closely related Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Haber).Dictionary.com has defined ADD/ADHD as "A syndrome, usually diagnosed in childhood, characterized by a persistent pattern of impulsiveness, a short attention span, and often hyperactivity, and interfering especially with academic, occupational, and social performance." It is estimated that approximately 2 million or three to five percent of all children within the United States are troubled by this disorder, making it one of the most common mental disorders faced by Americans. Not only does this disorder affect children but in most cases the disorder follows the child into adulthood (Jaksa). ADD/ADHD can be classified into three main groups: Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive, Predominantly Inattentive, and the Combined type. The predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type is characterized by someone who is always "on the go," always talking, playing with anything in sight, can't sit still, doesn't think before they speak, doesn't think about consequences of their actions, even blurting out or randomly moving around, which can often be confused with tourette syndrome, all of these symptoms and more can be adherent with the hyperactive-impulsive type. The predominantly inattentive type incorporates symptoms like; becoming easily bored, easily distracted by noises and random sights, not finishing tasks before moving to a different task, and being very forgetful ("Attention Deficit Hyperactivity). For obvious reasons the combined type is the most detrimental of the three main types of ADD/ADHD.Scientists at this time still are not completely sure about what causes ADD/ADHD. One possible theory for ADD/ADHD revolves around brain. It is thought that the prefrontal cortex portion of the brain controls planning, complex cognitive behaviors, the expression of personality, and appropriate social behaviors, which all seem to be affected in cases of ADD/ADHD (Prefrontal). Also it is known that the prefrontal cortex is an area very rich in dopamine, for this reason some scientists have done glucose metabolism tests (PET scans) on the brains of patients affected by ADD/ADHD. The results showed that the prefrontal cortex was under active in comparison to many other portions of the brain. Because of the new evidence, scientists have came to the conclusion that the disorder is not onset by any familial problems but it can be attributed to a lack of dopamine (Jaksa). Dopamine is a natural occurring brain chemical that controls and regulates functions such as; pain, pleasure, and emotional responses. In a recent series of tests conducted by Michael Decker and colleagues at Emory University of Atlanta,...

Find Another Essay On ADD/ADHD

ADD/ADHD Pandemic Essay

1317 words - 5 pages According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (2004), that 3-5% of children have had ADD/ADHD consistently since the 1940’s, although over 15% of children in school take ADD/ADHD prescriptions every day. In which a large portion of the diagnosis are coming straight from the General physician. Family physicians are rarely trained to identify mental illnesses but instead of leaving their scope of practice they diagnose their patient

Understanding ADD and ADHD Essay

3533 words - 14 pages Understanding ADD and ADHD First, it is important to understand ADD and ADHD and how they can be identified. Within the classroom, a teacher may encounter a student who constantly squirms in their seat, stares out the window, and has a desk that is a complete mess. These are not poor students who do not care about school and learning. Often these students may be undiagnosed cases of Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit

ADD/ADHD: The Misdiagnosis Epidemic

1409 words - 6 pages ADD/ADHD: The Misdiagnosis EpidemicThere is an epidemic in this country today. You will not see any reports on it on the evening news. You will not read a story about it in your newspaper. However, you may hear little things about it here and there. You may be talking to a friend, who in the course of a conversation says, " My child has been having trouble in school. I brought him/her to the doctor, and the doctor said my child has ADD, and is

Students With ADD/ADHD and Class Placement

1619 words - 6 pages Contemporary students with learning-disabilities such as ADD/ADHD are continuously perceived as incompetent to adapt in an ordinary classroom setting with other students without learning-disabilities. Consequently, many students with learning disabilities are placed in classrooms that are designated only for students with learning disabilities. It is because of this classroom placement problem that many learning-impaired students are doing worse

Adult ADD and ADHD references included

1279 words - 5 pages paper due in her next class that was nowhere near done and just now, she began to feel overwhelmed. For some this seems like just an excuse, for others, an amusing story, but for those with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), it's the way of life."...ADHD is the most common behavioral disorder of childhood. It occurs in four to eight percent of boys and two to five percent of girls. It was first

The Existence of ADD and ADHD

3988 words - 16 pages The Existence of ADD and ADHD Some of the most common words moving around in the psychiatric circle are attention Deficit; hyperactivity; Ritalin; ADD, ADHD. These words are being most commonly discussed by most educators, physicians, psychologists and young parents in the society today. In spite of extensive advancements in technology which has brought new insights into the brain and learning, there is still a lacuna in the field of

Instructional Strategies for ADD and ADHD Students

777 words - 4 pages For my topic I chose to research the instructional reading strategies that are evidence based for students with ADD and ADHD. To begin my research I will clearly define, the physical, emotional, and academic affects of both deficits. I will also provide reading strategies as well as appropriate incentives for these students. My goal is to better understand the challenges that my students face in the subject of reading and better address their

Encapsulating the Truth of ADD/ADHD Medications

2029 words - 9 pages Encapsulating the Truth of ADD/ADHD Medications Modern American society provides it's young people with a plethora of contradicting paradigms, all of which are built upon simplistic ideas of the best possible means of success. Study your notes and you'll ace the test, read the chapter and you'll comprehend the material, just pay attention and you'll be fine. When the reality that even the easiest of tasks such as studying, reading, or paying

ADD/ADHD: Personality Type or Neurological Disorder? A refutation on the misdiagnosis of ADD/ADHD

1370 words - 5 pages In the last 30 years, the diagnosis and treatment of ADD/ADHD has become a national debate, with many critics questioning the validity, diagnosis and treatment methods of the disorder. In 2000, Larry S. Goldman, M.D., and colleagues from the Council on Scientific Affairs of the American Medical Association published a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) that reviewed data from 1975 through March 1997 from the National

The Class Placement of Students with ADD/ADHD

2131 words - 9 pages Contemporary students with learning disabilities such as ADD/ADHD are continuously perceived as incompetent to adapt to a traditional classroom setting with students who have no learning disabilities. Consequently, many students with learning disabilities are placed in classrooms that are designated only for students with learning disabilities. Schools use a non-inclusive setting when students with learning impairments like ADD/ADHD are placed

Ritalin: Not the Best Treatment for ADHD or ADD

1285 words - 5 pages Ritalin and other drugs used to treat children with ADHD and ADD have been given a lot of negative and some positive press over the years, but what is alarming is the statistics which I discovered from Suellen May, the editor of Understanding Drugs: Ritalin and Related Drugs: “In 1996, an estimated 1.5 million American schoolchildren (approximately 3-5% of all U.S. schoolchildren) were taking Ritalin daily” (9). The number clearly doubled over

Similar Essays

Add/Adhd Essay

1226 words - 5 pages also been connected to animal abuse cases from the side effects.Works Cited Barkley, Russell. Talking Charge of ADHD. New York: Guilford Press, 1995 Bennett, John. Side Effects of Ritalin. www.johnbennett.com/Boinetics/ADD#Ritalin 200 Hunsucker, Glenn. ADD Attention Deficit Disorder. Fort Worth: Forresst Publishing 1993 Johnston, Robert. Attention Deficits, Learning Disabilities and Ritalin. San Diego: Singular Publishing 1991 Levin, Taylor etc

Symptoms Of Add/Adhd Essay

1126 words - 5 pages Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD). At one time ADD/ADHD was thought of as just childhood complications that did not affect adults, but since there is no cure for ADD/ADHD, adults are affected also. Most adults that have ADD/ADHD were not diagnosed with it as children, because ADD/ADHD wasn’t recognized except by a very few people that were aware of it at the time (Smith and Segal, 2012). Instead as children they

Effects Of Add/Adhd Essay

1075 words - 4 pages Affects of ADD/ADHD Robert was a typical two-year old boy always running and jumping around. In kindergarten, he couldn't remain seated during group time and moved between centers, leaving each a mess as he ran over peers. Third grade teachers began to talk to Roberts parents: he was blurting out answers and his desk was constantly crammed full of papers, toys, and books. In junior high, assignments done at home were never turned in and Robert

The Add/Adhd Controversy Essay

865 words - 3 pages Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. ADHD is a broad term, and the condition can vary from person to person. There are an estimated 6.4 million diagnosed children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The condition is also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD), though this is considered an outdated term. The American Psychiatric