This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Add/Adhd: The Misdiagnosis Epidemic Essay

1409 words - 6 pages

ADD/ADHD: The Misdiagnosis EpidemicThere is an epidemic in this country today. You will not see any reports on it on the evening news. You will not read a story about it in your newspaper. However, you may hear little things about it here and there. You may be talking to a friend, who in the course of a conversation says, " My child has been having trouble in school. I brought him/her to the doctor, and the doctor said my child has ADD, and is probably going to go on some medication". You think little of it, until you hear the same comment over and over again. Then it may come through loud and clear. "It seems like kids all over have ADD these days!"It does indeed seem that kids are diagnosed more and more with ADD these days. According to White, "The number of diagnosed cases of ADHD in the United States has reached an all-time high. It continues to rise at what many assert is an alarming rate, making ADHD America's number-one childhood psychiatric disorder"(White, Education).In fact, it was not even an actual named disorder by the American Psychiatric Association until 1980(Armstrong, 8). The history on the disorder is astounding gin that it never was really classified or determined by targeted research and study, but rather it has developed in an almost reactionary fashion, like a ball in a pinball machine (Armstrong, 8). It seems interesting, then, having such a recent determination, and such a dubious history, it is all the rage in diagnosis today.Now this leads to some questions. One of which is, "How do doctors actually determine if a child has ADD/ADHD? There are some diagnostic standards to go by. There are diagnostic standards in a manual called the DSM IV, which outlines what conditions need to be present for the correct diagnosis. However, "diagnosis of ADHD in adolescence is elusive and adolescents may easily be misdiagnosed."(Nahlik, Clinical Pediatrics). That is because to a large degree, the conditions that need to be present are often subjective, or can indicate other conditions. According to Nahlik, "There is the further difficulty of distinguishing symptoms of ADHD from typical adolescent behavior; normal adolescents can easily become distracted when tasks do not interest them. They can also be impatient to try new experiences, and appear not to listen to adult instructions"(Nahlik, Clinical Pediatrics). Also, in order to use the DSM IV, there is required a high level of proficiency in interpreting both diagnostic data, and the criteria used in the manual. This level of competency can not be assumed. For example, in one study, " Morey and Ochoa (1989) asked 291 psychiatrists and psychologists to complete a symptom checklist for a client whom they had diagnosed with a personality disorder. When the checklists were later correlated with the DSM criteria, nearly three of four clinicians had made mistakes in applying the diagnostic criteria"(Laughlin, Journal of Mental Health Counseling).Already, it can be seen that ADD/ADHD is not...

Find Another Essay On ADD/ADHD: The Misdiagnosis Epidemic

Encapsulating the Truth of ADD/ADHD Medications

2029 words - 9 pages Encapsulating the Truth of ADD/ADHD Medications Modern American society provides it's young people with a plethora of contradicting paradigms, all of which are built upon simplistic ideas of the best possible means of success. Study your notes and you'll ace the test, read the chapter and you'll comprehend the material, just pay attention and you'll be fine. When the reality that even the easiest of tasks such as studying, reading, or paying

The True Cause of the ADHD Epidemic

1591 words - 7 pages Many people in America are not very educated about the false Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) epidemic. There has been a documented rapid increase in diagnoses in the past decade. Many psychological experts believe the proper diagnoses are not being made, and that many of the children being diagnosed today do not actually have ADHD. These experts blame the increase of diagnoses on the current practices of doctors and teachers

The Class Placement of Students with ADD/ADHD

2131 words - 9 pages in a “special class” with other learning impairment students. This non-inclusive classroom placement causes many learning impaired students to do worse academically and socially than if they had been placed in an inclusive setting. By definition, ADD/ADHD students that are placed in an inclusive setting are seated in the same classroom with students who do not have ADD/ADHD. ADD/ADHD students receiving special support in regular classes succeed

Ritalin: Not the Best Treatment for ADHD or ADD

1285 words - 5 pages Ritalin and other drugs used to treat children with ADHD and ADD have been given a lot of negative and some positive press over the years, but what is alarming is the statistics which I discovered from Suellen May, the editor of Understanding Drugs: Ritalin and Related Drugs: “In 1996, an estimated 1.5 million American schoolchildren (approximately 3-5% of all U.S. schoolchildren) were taking Ritalin daily” (9). The number clearly doubled over

problems with adhd

1210 words - 5 pages an understanding of this disorder is very important to me. Before this research, I did not realize how many things follow under this title. However, as a mother of a child who potentially struggles with this illness, understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatments for ADHD are imperative to help me successfully help my daughter deal with this illness! There are 5.2 million children diagnosed with ADHD yearly. Therefore, is a growing epidemic

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder by Jeremy Peirce

2193 words - 9 pages Paying Attention to the Deficit ADD and ADHD are commonly talked about as if they are different diseases, they are actually the same disease. In recent years, ADD has disappeared due its similarity to ADHD. ADD was, in the past, a separate disorder because it focused solely on the inattentive side of things. ADD is now a part of ADHD because it is referred as a sub-type to ADHD. ADHD is an attention disorder that is becoming more commonly

Examining Government Regulations

1095 words - 4 pages additional special education services and procedural safeguards" (National Resource Center on ADHD, 2008,).One of the biggest obstacles a human service worker will encounter is the misdiagnosis of children as having any type of disability. If a child is misdiagnosed, parent would have difficulties to receive the proper help to fulfill the child and family needs (OCEC, 2006). Other problem that Koyanagi (1994) mentioned is when parents are not

Overview of ADHD

1361 words - 5 pages know about adhd. Retrieved from Frances, A. (2011, 5 18). Attention deficit disorder epidemic: Real or fad?. Retrieved from Springer. (2010, 9 30). The history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder . Retrieved from University of Michigan. (2012

ADHD on Child Intelligence

2276 words - 9 pages levels of motivation (Morgan, 1997).The etiology of ADHD is still a mystery to researchers. Within the field there are many correlates to biological (genetic) and social causes. The present paper seeks to explore current research through investigating the social and bio-genetic influence of ADHD on child intelligence. Testing and treatments of those with ADHD will also be discussed. In accordance with Dulcan et al. (1997) ADD, ADD-H, ADHD, although


2276 words - 9 pages levels of motivation (Morgan, 1997).The etiology of ADHD is still a mystery to researchers. Within the field there are many correlates to biological (genetic) and social causes. The present paper seeks to explore current research through investigating the social and bio-genetic influence of ADHD on child intelligence. Testing and treatments of those with ADHD will also be discussed. In accordance with Dulcan et al. (1997) ADD, ADD-H, ADHD, although


2028 words - 8 pages There are many mental disorders that plague the United States. Many of these disorders share common symptoms, because of this they can be very easily misdiagnosed at first sight. However, perhaps the most misdiagnosed, and over diagnosed disorder is Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), and the very closely related Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Haber) has defined ADD/ADHD as "A syndrome, usually diagnosed in

Similar Essays

Add/Adhd: Personality Type Or Neurological Disorder? A Refutation On The Misdiagnosis Of Add/Adhd

1370 words - 5 pages In the last 30 years, the diagnosis and treatment of ADD/ADHD has become a national debate, with many critics questioning the validity, diagnosis and treatment methods of the disorder. In 2000, Larry S. Goldman, M.D., and colleagues from the Council on Scientific Affairs of the American Medical Association published a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) that reviewed data from 1975 through March 1997 from the National

The Misdiagnosis Of Children With Adhd

1964 words - 8 pages adolescents at about $14,576 per individual and using a prevalence rate of 5%, a conservative estimate of the annual societal COI for ADHD in childhood and adolescence is $42.5 billion, with a range between $36 billion and $52.4 billion. As discussed, this misdiagnosis affects families and schools, but the funding to provide those children with medications and treatments are affected as well due to the high cost per child. Methodology This paper

The Add/Adhd Controversy Essay

865 words - 3 pages Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. ADHD is a broad term, and the condition can vary from person to person. There are an estimated 6.4 million diagnosed children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The condition is also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD), though this is considered an outdated term. The American Psychiatric

The Existence Of Add And Adhd

3988 words - 16 pages The Existence of ADD and ADHD Some of the most common words moving around in the psychiatric circle are attention Deficit; hyperactivity; Ritalin; ADD, ADHD. These words are being most commonly discussed by most educators, physicians, psychologists and young parents in the society today. In spite of extensive advancements in technology which has brought new insights into the brain and learning, there is still a lacuna in the field of