Addiction Essay

973 words - 4 pages

Addiction"Addiction is defined by Bratter and Forest (1985) as a behaviour pattern of compulsive drug use characterised by overwhelming involvement...with the use of a drug and securing of the supply, as well as a tendency to relapse after completion of withdrawal. The authors state that the difference between use and addiction is quantitative rather than qualitative. Addiction is not determined in terms by quantity alone, but more over, is additionally determined in terms of the effect on the individual in his or her social context."Common signs of addiction include preoccupation with a substance, relationship or behaviour. A loss of control over the use of the substance or a pattern of behaviour, concerns expressed by others about the loss of control and the effects as well as continued, persistent use of a substance or involvement behaviour in spite of negative consequences.There is no general model for addiction but some of the most influential models of addiction include the moral model (focuses on addiction as a choice), the disease model (focuses on addiction as an illness) and the social learning model (focuses on addiction as a learned behaviour).During the seventeenth century alcohol was seen as an important aspect in society. It was seen by many as being more nutritious and safer for consumption than water which in most towns was contaminated and caused high levels of disease and was responsible for many deaths. It was also around this time that people were considered as being separate from nature in that they possessed a soul, free will and were responsible for their own actions. It was at this time that behaviour was no longer seen as being a result of biological drives as it had been previously. This view therefore sees abuse of alcohol and other drugs as a matter of choice and sees these people as becoming excessive in their habits. As it is the abusers own choice to use the substance to excess society believes that the person should be held responsible for his actions and therefore deserves to be punished. This is similar to a view put forward by Thomas Szasz(1960) concerning the treatment of mentally ill individuals. He suggested that labelling someone as "mad" was to remove his or her personal responsibility. Holding people responsible for the actions gave them back their sense of responsibility.The moral model is perhaps the longest standing view of drug and alcohol abuse it's suggested course of treatment includes clergy intervention as a means of spiritual guidance, moral persuasion, or imprisonment or social consequences. It sees the causal factors of abuse as being a result of spiritual deficit and conscious choices. From the moral perspective drug and alcohol abuse is seen as an infringement of societal rules by the abuser. Proponents feel it is a punishable crime and the individual is responsible for his or her choices. Many in the religious community take this viewpoint and criticise drug and alcohol abuse as a sinful...

Find Another Essay On Addiction

Internet addiction Essay

1567 words - 6 pages Internet and Video Game Addiction Internet addiction is a worldwide disorder that is oblivious to the technological age we live in. Since its inception in 1991 (Livingstone), the World Wide Web has only improved our quality of life. People don’t perceive online technology as a problem but as a solution to make our lives cheaper and efficient. As a working college student, my whole life is run on the internet. I use Facebook religiously to keep

Analyzing Addiction Essay

2348 words - 9 pages Addiction is everywhere, from celebrity tabloids, to television, and possibly to a family member or close friend. There is alcoholism, drug abuse, and gambling addiction; the effects of such are devastating. For example, the following excerpt is from the harrowing Leaving Dirty Jersey: A Crystal Meth Memoir by James Salant: “I gave Doug the spoon and I tried to pull thirty units of water into the syringe. Doug hit me on the side of my head and

Internet Addiction

1718 words - 7 pages Internet Addiction Introduction While some media news and reports seem to be truthful in their effort to inform and educate the public regarding internet addiction, it is not surprising to see bad science and misinterpretation presented in others on the same issue. The media coverage of internet addiction is damaging and blowing the issue out of context. The widespread internet concern is reinforced and underpinned by media reporting about

Gambling Addiction

1123 words - 4 pages Gambling Addiction      Gambling addiction is an issue found in numerous areas where gambling is legal. People who are addicted to gambling, also know as problem gamblers, face many health risks including depression, suicidal thoughts, loss of sleep, loss of appetite, migraine and anxiety in addition to marriage breakdown, problems at work and bankruptcy (9). About 2 percent of adults are thought to be problem gamblers (1). In today’s

Internet Addiction

619 words - 3 pages In today word we have a constant connection with internet; for example, we pay bills, we file taxes, we get appointments, etc. Those common things made our life easy; however, sometimes internet goes out of control and becomes an addiction. Internet addiction has the same principle of a drug addiction because both of them online release dopamine into the brain's pleasure centers, resulting in obsessive pleasure-seeking behavior. Moreover, high

Internet Addiction

719 words - 3 pages . The internet itself is a tool created to help us research whatever subject we are interested in. It is quick, convenient and easy to use. However, there are some people who cannot control their desire to spend all their time in front of a computer. Internet addiction is a quickly growing phenomenon. According to the Pew Research Center, “Internet use in the USA alone has grown from just less than half of American adult in 2000 to about 59% of

sexual addiction

1048 words - 5 pages Before one can begin to understand the complexities of sexual addiction it must be adequately defined. The National Council on Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity has defined sexual addiction as “engaging in persistent and escalating patterns of sexual behavior acted out despite increasing negative consequences to self and others.” (Herkov) It is important to note that this means that sexual addiction isn’t just the desire to have sex more than

Internet Addiction

1002 words - 5 pages Internet Addiction Internet addiction has been proven to be unhealthy for many reasons, including mental illness, sleep deprivation, and aggression. Internet addiction can not only cause mental illness, but the government is also trying to diagnose internet addiction as a mental illness. Sleep deprivation is also a problem. If the internet can cause sleep deprivation, then it can also indirectly cause the effects of sleep deprivation. The last

Internet Addiction - 967 words

967 words - 4 pages A study done by college researchers from all over the country reveal that many college students show symptoms of addiction through their internet use. The researchers provided a twenty question survey for the students to take for data. The survey revealed not only how long the students were using the internet, but what they were using, from educational uses, to social media and gaming. Many of the students’ scores revealed they were well

Defining Addiction

573 words - 2 pages This essay will examine how Addiction is defined, and why or if it is recognized as a disease. Reports and critiques of addiction will be examined and from these this essay will endeavour to look at both sides of the findings. The definition from the Oxford dictionary describes addiction as a condition of being habitually or compulsively occupied with or or involved in something. Addiction itself can be defined as unmanageable, compulsive and

Computer Addiction

917 words - 4 pages Technology today is progressing at an exponential rate with new devices being released practically daily. With each new invention comes new and exciting possibilities as well as ever growing temptations and danger. One such pitfall many have fallen victim to is that of computer addiction. Computer addiction can be defined as the obsessive use of computers that interferes with daily life. This addiction has been shown through many activities

Similar Essays

Addiction Essay

1716 words - 7 pages tried to explain to you that the hobby turned to an addiction; however, you had a different opinion about what addiction really is. You were sure that a person can be addicted only to alcohol or drugs, not anything else. "Addiction is a disease, you can be treated, just admit that you are sick, and ask for help." Magda said. But you did not listen. It is hard to define addiction. Definition can vary between different dictionaries, encyclopedias and

Addiction Essay

2209 words - 9 pages This essay will tackle a serious issue dealing with the psychological disorder known as addiction. Having an addiction is an amazing phenomenon, in many cases it cuts people off into their own world separating them from reality. Addiction can even lead to a person completely changing their personality (also physically in some cases) in a matter of months, alienating loved ones they've known for years. An Addiction is defined to be an

Addiction Essay

836 words - 3 pages effects. Psychological dependency occurs when a drug has also been used habitually but the mind becomes emotionally reliant on its effects (E. Morton Jellinek, 2006). Drug and alcohol addiction is the most frequent addiction that has been brought to society's attention. Alcoholism affects 30% of Canada's population with the breakdown of 23% being low-risk drinkers & 17% being considered high risk drinkers, according to Statistics Canada (2002

Internet Addiction Essay

795 words - 3 pages PremiumWritingService.com. ©2007-2011. All Rights Reserved Essay on Internet Addiction By Andrew Wamae Introduction Since the advent of the internet it has been used as one of the most universal tool for communication between parties in widespread geographical locations; people have used the internet to access information in websites, to chat, to send emails, to do shopping, to gamble, play games, watch videos, download files and music, et