Addiction Project. Cocaine. Interview With Ex Cocaine Addict Included!!!

1447 words - 6 pages

What is addiction?Addiction: 1. drug dependence: a state of physiological or psychological dependence on a drug liable to have a damaging effect 2. devotion: great interest in something to which a lot of time is devotedIf you cannot "live" without any kind of mind altering substances , for an absolute minimum of one year, then you are a mind altering substance addict! No exceptions!! And excuses like "Oh, I am not an addict, I just like to .... Because it helps me.... Or makes me feel better, etc." are simply baloney!What is cocaine?"Cocaine is an alkaloid found in leaves of the South American shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a powerfully reinforcing psychostimulant. The drug induces a sense of exhilaration in the user primarily by blocking the reuptake of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the midbrain."In pre-Columbian times, the coca leaf was officially reserved for Inca royalty. The natives used coca for mystical, religious, social, nutritional and medicinal purposes.Coca was initially banned by the Spanish.Crack-cocaine delivers an intensity of pleasure completely outside the normal range of human experience. It offers the most wonderful state of consciousness, and the most intense sense of being alive, the user will ever enjoy. (S)he will access heightened states of being whose modes are unknown to chemically-naïve contemporaries. Groping for adequate words, crack-takers sometimes speak of the rush in terms of a "whole-body orgasm".Cocaine is made of the leaves of the coca plant. Coca plant is originally coming from South America. During 2000, the majority (approximately 75%) of the coca was grown in Colombia, then Peru and then Bolivia.Cocaine is a powerfully addictive drug of abuse. . "Crack" is the street name given to cocaine. Once having tried cocaine, an individual cannot predict or control the extent to which he or she will continue to use the drug.The major ways of using cocaine are sniffing or snorting, injecting, and smoking (including free-base and crack cocaine). Snorting is the process of inhaling cocaine powder through the nose where it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the nasal tissues. Injecting is the act of using a needle to release the drug directly into the bloodstream. Smoking involves inhaling cocaine vapor or smoke into the lungs where absorption into the bloodstream is as rapid as by injection. The high from snorting may last 15 to 30 minutes, while that from smoking may last 5 to 10 minutes.High doses of cocaine and/or prolonged use can trigger paranoia. Smoking crack cocaine can produce a particularly aggressive paranoid behavior in users. When addicted individuals stop using cocaine, they often become depressed. This also may lead to further cocaine use to alleviate depressionHow does drug affect the brain and other parts of the body?Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that interferes with the reabsorption process of dopamine, a chemical messenger associated with pleasure and movement....

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