This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Address The Position Of Indigenous Prisoners And Provide Explanations For Their Over Representation In The Prison System.

2944 words - 12 pages

In 1640, 3 indentured slaves ran away from their master in Virginia, USA. The three men were caught and put on trial. 2 of the men were sentenced to serve an additional year to their master, as well as another 3 years to the colony. However, the third man, John Punch, was sentenced to be indentured to his master and/or the colony for the rest of his life. What was the reason for this disparity? John Punch was a black man (Higginbotham 1978, p.28-9).While the criminal justice system has come a long way since the 17th Century, society has yet to realise true equality. Whilst racial discrimination may have been common in the past, the 20th Century and the civil rights movement in the US have fuelled progress for social equality. Yet there still exist racial stereotypes. Since the September 11 attacks, men of Middle Eastern descent often complain of unnecessary harassment when travelling. The infamous incident of Rodney King, an African-American man who was a victim of police brutality, sparked the LA riots in 1992. Clearly, Dr. King's "I have a dream" speech has a long way to come to fruition. Of particular concern is the excessively high numbers of minority groups in prison. Whether it is the USA or Australia, when contrasted with the civilian population, minority groups are overly represented in prison populations at all levels of the criminal justice system. To understand this worrying trend, all the instigating factors must be identified.The paper will first explore the practice of racial profiling by law enforcement agencies. As the first point of contact, their policies and practices must be accounted for. It will then investigate the possibility of any racial biases inherent within the criminal justice system, as well as the factors considered when deciding upon sentencing. Once it has been established that the judicial system is prejudiced towards minority groups, I will attempt to identify the social conditions which cultivate delinquency within the minority juvenile population, as well as examine how the failure to provide rehabilitative programs lead to increased rates of recidivism, especially in drug offenders. Lastly, I will outline the key issues identified by the paper, as well as possible steps to be taken to rectify the current situation.In the scrimmage for political-correctness, societies constantly sidestep racial issues for fear of appearing 'racist'. But while it is true that no one race is superior to another, it should be perfectly acceptable to acknowledge that there are racial differences. While we may all be biologically indistinguishable, the traditions and cultures that make up our heritage differ throughout the whole spectrum of racial and ethnic groups. Each race has their own cultural background, and in Australia, the Aboriginal population have their own laws and customs that they adhere to. While cultural customs do not usually take precedence over state and national laws, some Aboriginals reject federal laws as...

Find Another Essay On Address the position of indigenous prisoners and provide explanations for their over-representation in the prison system.

Indigenous development in Canada: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and their inherent connection to the health and wellbeing of Indigenous peoples

1886 words - 8 pages shown that Indigenous people who live in urban centres still maintain their use of traditional healing practises, as a supplementary use towards modern healthcare such as doctors. This runs deeper, as studies show that urban aboriginal women face racism and discrimination in the modern healthcare system. ‘Violence in the colonies does not only have for its aim the keeping of these enslaved men at arms length; it seeks to dehumanize them

Comparing the Treatment of Prisoners of War in the Andersonville and the Rock Island Prison Camp during the Civil War

2215 words - 9 pages farms and take food that was intended for the Union soldiers so they could eat more than their own rations provided (Davis 25). At Rock Island, however, there were rarely ever reports of excessive starvation. In addition, an analysis of the ration reports from the prison shows that the prisoners received an average of 4,000 calories per day, which is enough to keep starvation at bay (Gillispie 142). Gillispie argues that the accounts of starvation

The Over-representation of Black People in UK Prisons

3366 words - 13 pages evidences show that across all levels black people are over-represented. However, black people are not over-represented only in prison statistics, police practices shows that they are a main target for their actions such as stop and search under section 60 or when fighting in “war on drugs” even that their drug usage is lower than white people. Matthews (2009) and Sampson (1987) provide evidences that one of the reasons for over-representation is

Hispanics in the Prison system

1730 words - 7 pages Lopez 1Saul LopezDr. TamayoCHS 113A10 December 2013Hispanic males in the prison systemWhile researching about Hispanic males in the prison system, I found overwhelming evidence that predominately Hispanics and blacks overpopulate the prison system. The current prison system needs to address the situation of the immense Hispanic male population in prisons. So the question that I propose to you is; why are there so many Hispanics in prison cells

Does "The Taming of the shrew" provide the audience with a fair representation of the treatment of and views towards women in the 16th and 17th centuries?

3168 words - 13 pages " Sir Assurance, Let's each one send unto his wife And he whose wife is most obedient to come at first when he doth send for her shall win the wager which we will propose." (The Taming Of The Shrew p107).This stood out to me as an excellent representation of the plays meaning, and of the views that people had towards women in the 16th and 17th centuries. William Shakespeare's play "The Taming Of The Shrew" is a story about a wealthy Count

The Importance of Understanding and Interpreting Leisure Trends and Forecasts for Leisure Managers, and Provide Examples of Their Use

2188 words - 9 pages The Importance of Understanding and Interpreting Leisure Trends and Forecasts for Leisure Managers, and Provide Examples of Their Use The continually changing and occurring, media driven sports industry must be fully aware of the current and upcoming trends which occur and impact youth and society. To develop an insight into the relationship between both understanding and interpreting leisure trends and how this directly

Prison system of the 18th and the early 19th century

566 words - 2 pages system believed that isolation was the only way for a prisoner is rehabilitated.Prison system of the 18th and early 19th century left a reasonable quantity of dead prisoners and also physical abuse to the inmate. The crime that any prisoner has committed doesn't justify the cruel and inhumane treatment they receive in jail. If the founders of the prison system from that time of period wouldn't have been so cruel, they would had avoid so many death and people being maltreated. Instead of merciless punishment they should had given them social work as their sentence and should had taken advantage from the prisoners keeping in mind that they are human beings.

Health for the Indigenous Population in Australia

1264 words - 6 pages compared to others in the indigenous population. When comparing Indigenous Australian’s health with non-Indigenous Australians the amount of poor health of aboriginals in Australia is now so low that almost half of Native men and over a third of women die before they turn 50 whilst the non-indigenous population is estimated to live for 81 years. The dynamic view of health refers to how our level of health is always changing. This can be month to

African American Women in the Prison System

1769 words - 7 pages address the many inmates requesting services; it often takes days, weeks, even months to get the health care they need. And because the prison health system was created for the men, routine gynecological exams including pap smears, breast exams and mammograms are extremely rare.Life of HopelessnessSo what happens to these women upon their release? After being arrested for non-violent drug offenses, many of the women have left prison as better

Modern day representation of racism of Indigenous Africans and sexism of women in "Heart of Darkness"

2260 words - 9 pages and do not contribute to the company. In the novel, however, it is possible to see, when reading through a Post-colonial lens, that Conrad presents the Congans as animalistic and inhuman as a means of garnering reader sympathy for their decay as a result of imperialism. Furthermore, the text only exists within a masculine point of view; therefore the representation of the feminine is distorted. By assuming a feminist reading, it is apparent that

A Question of Rights: The human rights abuses of prisoners in U.S. prisons is a result of the racist justice system and apathetic government

3322 words - 13 pages For my Question of Rights assignment I chose to research into the abuse of rights of prisoners in prisons in the United States of America. I chose to research into the often forgotten plight of prisoners because they endure a lot of abuses of human rights in their time in prison and as yet they do not have proper representation in normal society. The abuse that prisoners suffer in prison, just like any abuse, compounded by the social stigma

Similar Essays

Who Bears The Primary Responsibility For The Conditions In Prison And The Conduct Of Prisoner;, The Society, The Criminal Justice System Or The Prisoners Themselves?

1295 words - 5 pages almost no facility for them to enjoy themselves. Moreover, they are not allowed to read books because books are seen dangerous where there is injustice (Abbott, 68). In other words, knowledge is dangerous to the prison administration because it gives inmates a measure of freedom and an awareness of their situation and they do not want them to be aware of the deficiency of the system. They are treated like lambs. Everything they have to do to feel

How Can The Prison System Rehabilitate Prisoners So That They Will Enter The Society As Equals?

1906 words - 8 pages see himself as well as be seen inferior to those that were not in prison. The world is still based on survival of the fittest and one must have brain and brawn to survive and even to be identified. Prisoners that are on the same level of intelligence as they were when they entered the prison system will have a great disadvantage over those that have been schooled and shaped. However, those that were schooled while they were in prison will have a

This Essay Describes How The Prison Corrections System Has Utilized Technology To Their Advantage In Parole And Probation

578 words - 2 pages As the world of corrections progress to meet the needs and whishes of modern day society, advances in technology becomes a major role in how the parole system moves forward. The possibilities of improved public safety in parole practices have the chance to become reality, but perhaps at a price to civil liberties for the law-abiding citizen. In the article "Technocorrections": The Promises, the Uncertain Threats (Fabelo 2000), the author

Representation Of The Indigenous Essay

2885 words - 12 pages world equate to a newer levels of harm and misfortune from sickness to addiction. The modern man and the indigenous man are two separate entities that cannot co-exist in harmony. This means that the best representation for them is none at all. Trying to capture the reality of these people seems to interfere and manipulate them to alter their lives completely. Film is a great way to construct and reflect reality, but when the camera starts to shape