This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Addressing Challenges On Acquisition Of Reading Comprehension To Second Language English Speakers

1818 words - 8 pages

Addressing challenges on acquisition of reading comprehension to second language English speakers. Where does the gap lie?
Background to the study
In our country, South Africa, we know that we are faced with so many socio-economic issues Some of these issues are poverty, high crime, HIV/AIDS epidemic, child-headed families, abuse in the family, illiterate parents and alcoholic parents just to name a few. These social make it even harder for us as teachers, how do you teach learners when they are hungry, the parents are employed and there’s no food in the house. We are also faced with educational issues which unskilled teachers, non-parental involvement, lack of motivation from teachers, the ever changing curriculum. Let me put emphasis on the issue I feel that if we as teachers were to work harder, we would be able to help diminish such issue. It is the issue of teaching reading comprehension.
We are very aware that in our schools we get diverse learners who teachers need to be trained for to cater for those students. The most of the learners in the school are multilingual; well it is my job as a caring teacher to adapt your lessons and curriculum for those students.
Almost all of the learners that are in our schools, do not have English as Home language, you find that English is a third or fourth language. We need to better equip ourselves with reality, when we get to tertiary English is the means of communication and medium of instruction between students and lecturers. The study materials are written in English and media like laptops and tablets are operated in English. Why must we let our children suffer because we want to show the world that we can integrate 11 eleven languages in the curriculum. I am not saying push away our indigenous languages aside, I am saying we need to cater for reality so that we don’t set up our learners for failure by not giving them enough explicit instruction to be able to comprehend information and not just decode text.
We as teachers need to give the English (FAL) as much attention as we give the home language. The reason why there is a gap between grade 3 and grade 4 is that not much foundation is given to English in grade 3 and when the learners get to grade 4, they can’t cope with the curriculum in grade 4.
According to Dreyer, L. G & Kats, L.,(1982) reading comprehension is the ability to understand any written text. I ask myself why learners that are second language speakers struggle so much with reading comprehension of text. Is it the fact that learners aren’t taught comprehension effectively e.g. the reading strategies are not taught step by step (making connections, summarizing information, generating questions, monitoring comprehension and drawing inferences) or perhaps the learners find it difficult to understand comprehension therefore the learners show lack of interest and motivation?
Reading comprehension requires learners to interpret meaning from written text by decoding words and...

Find Another Essay On Addressing Challenges on Acquisition of Reading Comprehension to Second Language English Speakers

Second Language Acquisition Essay

2014 words - 8 pages Introduction Through the years, language teachers, psychologists and others have had varying ideas of how languages are learned. Second language acquisition has multiple models, including cognitive based models, sociocultural models, and models regarding input and interaction. In this paper, my goal is to take one prominent model of SLA, the interactionist model, and determine how this model actually plays out in the classroom. I seek to answer

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3146 words - 13 pages ). Awareness and second language acquisition. Annual review of applied linguistics, 13(1), 206-226. 28. Sheen, Y. (2007). The effect of focused written corrective feedback and language aptitude on ELS learners’ acquisition of articles. TESOL Quarterly, 41(2), 255-284 29. Straub, R. (1997). Students' reactions to teacher comments: An exploratory study. Research in the Teaching of English, 91-119. 30. TeachawayInc (2005) Preparatory year programmes (PYP

Krashen’s Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition

1678 words - 7 pages all structures that precede it. For example, no student of English who has yet to acquire the plural noun structure will be able to speak in the past tense; the latter builds on the knowledge on which the former is based. The third hypothesis is called the input hypothesis and is one of the two most important for second language instructors. Krashen puts forth the idea that acquisition of a language depends almost entirely on

Second Language Acquisition in Childhood

1254 words - 5 pages differences in the acquisition of a second language (English) between adults and children. After a six month observations of the young adults, research showed an 80-90% incorrect usage of English negation. Most students produce frequent double negatives like “I don’t want nothing”. Overall, the study demonstrated the difficulties these adults faced attempting to learn a second language. Some researchers hypothesized that these difficulties may have

First and Second Language Acquisition

1339 words - 5 pages in this paper. The first area of difference between first (L1) and second (L2) language learning is input – specifically the quality and quantity of input. It is the idea of the "connectionist model that implies... (that the) language learning process depends on the input frequency and regularity" (5).. It is here where one finds the greatest difference between L1 and L2 acquisition. The quantity of exposure to a target language a child gets is


1196 words - 5 pages Teaching and acquiring second foreign languages are necessary to have various knowledge that relate to different ways or methodologies. As a known initially the people have (L1.) mother tongue after the birth. It is learned from the way of audition and this acquisition starts with maternity and infanthood. The mother tongue learners learn the main rules and patterns which is L1. Therefore, second language acquisition becomes impalpable. Most of

English language learners comprehension lessson plan for second grade english. Helping students understand nouns and verbs

763 words - 3 pages 1. Introduction: Connect to prior knowledge of definitions and uses of parts of speech. Start recollection by writing a sentence on the board and identifying the noun and adjective.2. Lesson Objective: The students will be able to apply adjective-noun combinations within sentences.Second Grade Content Standard: 1.3 Identify and correctly use various parts of speech, including nouns and verbs, in writing and speaking.English Language Development

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages even narrower sense, the (essentially) non-directed acquisition of a second language before the acquisition of the first language has been completed.Second language acquisition research concentrates on the acquisition of a foreign language, in a natural environment as opposed to acquisition directed through classroom instruction.Behaviorist theories (behaviorism) explain second language acquisition according to general laws of behavior

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages even narrower sense, the (essentially) non-directed acquisition of a second language before the acquisition of the first language has been completed.Second language acquisition research concentrates on the acquisition of a foreign language, in a natural environment as opposed to acquisition directed through classroom instruction.Behaviorist theories (behaviorism) explain second language acquisition according to general laws of behavior

Listening Comprehension: Aural processes and Listening Comprehension Strategies in Second Language Learning

1852 words - 7 pages INTRODUCTIONIn the late 1970s, English second language teaching shifted towards a greater emphasis on listening comprehension with the introduction of the Total Physical Response approach (Brown, 2001). Research began to reveal the importance of listening skills in academic and job related performance and the maintenance of various social relationships (Van Duzer, 1997). The listening process involves numerous factors that include such things as

English as a second language

4332 words - 17 pages ,Research questionTo what extend does knowing Britain or English-speaking countries cultures affect how Vietnamese learn English as a second language?Aim of researchThis research is based on a survey to investigate the effect of cultural difference between Vietnam and Britain, as the representative of an English-speaking country, on English learning.The survey will try to explore:Methods students use English.The students' exposure to the

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Culture On Second Language Acquisition

959 words - 4 pages ) and Acculturation Model (Schumann, 1986), acculturation is the key factor defining the level of mastery in second language acquisition. Accordingly, the language learners will be more successful in acquiring a language to the mastery level if they first encounter the culture and learn acculturation strategies rather than the language. Studies on acculturation theories and optimal distance substantiate the connection between the level of

The Impact Of Age In Relation To Second Language Acquisition

2029 words - 9 pages Illinois provided in their case study, “Critical Period Effects in Second Language Learning: The Influence of Maturational State on the Acquisition of English as a Second Language” that, “some investigators have suggested that a critical period theory must predict that children are better than adults at learning second languages” (63). In order to prove or disprove the idea that children are able to better acquire second languages at a higher rate

Second Language Acquisition Essay

2391 words - 10 pages SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ASSIGNMENTFaced with the reality that few students attain the native-like competence the following question arises what are the root causes of this problem?. Many researchers agree in that L2 learners are bad at L2 learning, in spite of the fact that they make an effort to improve their speech, by imitation, they still have a foreign accent, or they make mistakes when they apply the rules of grammar in their writings

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3332 words - 13 pages The essay was focused on the following question: What possible explanations are there for the failure of EFL students to achieve native-like competence in a second language. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION The outcome of first language acquisition is a success in children. Children acquire the grammar of the ambient language. Adult language acquisition, on the other hand, results in varying degrees of success or failure to acquire the target