Adenauer And Post War Germany Essay

1518 words - 7 pages

Adenauer and Post-War Germany
Introduction
The downfall of Germany after the Second World War is an outcome thought by many that time as deserving for a nation touted to have caused one of the most atrocious events in human history. The Nazi Party, which ran Germany under its terrible regime before and during the Second World War, has perpetrated a series of destructive actions that soon wrought havoc to the rest of the world. From the anti-Semitic platform of the Nazi Party that generated the Holocaust up to the unholy alliances with Italy, Japan and others under the Axis Powers that led to massive destruction of lives and properties in different parts of the world, Germany undoubtedly had the greatest responsibility to account for with regard to the Second World War. Therefore, the victors of the Second World War – France, the Soviet Union (USSR), United Kingdom (UK) and United States (US), partitioned Germany into four parts and sought to apply their own sets of post-war recovery agendas within each assigned German territory. The US eventually united with France and UK to form the tri-zone – later West Germany, while the USSR isolated itself to form East Germany (Fulbrook 205-235).
As the US consolidated its influence over West Germany, two crucial courses of action have emerged – the Marshall Plan and the Morgenthau Plan. Both employ highly contrasting objectives – the Marshall Plan outlined a set of goals allowing West Germany to resurrect its industrial power, while the Morgenthau Plan sought to disable any German war effort from ever emerging in the future by implementing de-industrializing measures towards reversion to an agricultural economy. Whereas both the Marshall Plan and the Morgenthau Plan sought for the complete denazification of Germany, only one of the two prevailed. The US eventually chose the Marshall Plan over the Morgenthau Plan – a move that greatly benefited West Germany in its goal to reestablish itself as a reckoning force in the international community and the Americans as their nation grew economically and diplomatically in Europe (Fulbrook 205-235).
The Marshall Plan versus the Morgenthau Plan
One could easily contrast the Marshall Plan from the Morgenthau Plan with regard to their respective objectives for West Germany – the former focused on industrialization while the latter emphasized on deindustrialization. Named after US Secretary of State George Marshall, the Marshall Plan outlined the need of West Germany to recover from its economic malaise by reviving industrial activities. Through a $20 billion package from the US granted to Europe, the Marshall Plan successfully reinvigorated industries within West Germany. Different industrial sectors in West Germany soon started resolving their fractured relations with counterparts from other nations resulting from the implementation of the Marshall Plan. Moreover, the US prevented the removal of industrial facilities within West Germany – a move in which France...

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