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Adhd In Adolescent Males And Its Effect On The Family Structure

995 words - 4 pages

ADHD in adolescent males and its effect on the Family Structure
There has been a vast amount of research done on the affects of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD on adolescent males. The primary focus of this paper will study adolescent males with ADHD and how it affects their family structures. This paper will examine the articles, Prevalence of attention deficit-/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid disorders in young male prison inmates, Parental efficacy and child behavior in a community sample of children with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and lastly Family Interactions in Children With and Without ADHD. This subject is extremely relevant to professionals because according to the article Parental efficacy and child behavior in a community sample of children with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD it is extremely common in today’s society and most individuals know someone that is affected by this disorder. (Tripp, Schaughency, Langlands & Mouat, 2006)
To begin, there is an article titled Prevalence of attention deficit-/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid disorders in young male prison inmates that was written by Michael Rösler , Wolfgang Retz, Petra Retz-Junginger, Georges Hengesch, Marc Schneider, Tilman Supprian, Petra Schwitzgebel, Katrin Pinhard, Nadine Dovi-Akue, Paul Wender and Johannes Thome. These men and women conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of ADHD as well as comorbid conditions among young male prison inmates. They investigated 129 prison inmates and 54 healthy male control subjects for the presence of ADHD using the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), the Eysenck Impulsivity Questionnaire (EIQ), and the diagnostic criteria for ADHD according to DSM-IV and ICD-10-research criteria and the Utah criteria for adult ADHD. These doctors examined test subjects that ranged in age from 17 to 25. The study reports that ADHD is considered one of the most frequent disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry, with prevalence rates ranging from 3–9%. The study also reports that 50% of people with ADHD will develop conduct disorders and that in adolescence and early adulthood substance use disorder and alcoholism occur with a prevalence of more than 50%. These statistics are pertinent in understanding the strain that adolescents with ADHD can put on their families. The doctors completed their study using 3 diagnostic steps. Firstly, they made a retroactive assessment of ADHD symptoms during both the inmates and the control subjects’ childhood using the Wender Utah Rating Scale German short version. They looked for the presence of the diagnostic criteria for ADHD using a diagnostic checklist for experts and Externalizing (ED) and Internalizing Disorders (ID) were investigated with the Youth Self Report or the Young Adult Self Report, respectively. What the data suggested that many inmates not only had adult ADHD or ADHD in their childhoods but...

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