Adhd On Child Intelligence Essay

2276 words - 9 pages

Running Head: ADHD ON INTELLIGENCE Social and Bio-genetic Influences of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Child Intelligence The subject of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has undergone intense research in the past decade. Much of this is rooted in the fact that approximately 5% of children are affected with the disorder. Children with ADHD are identified as having increased behavioral difficulties because of excessive motor activities, poor self regulation and inattentiveness (Dulkan et al., 1997). It has been found that as many as 30% of children inflicted with ADHD have learning disabilities with academic underachievement becoming a common correlate. Since these children do not meet the expectations of society and their learning environment they are usually met with anger, punishment, and rejection. In turn these children develop a low-self esteem and low levels of motivation (Morgan, 1997).The etiology of ADHD is still a mystery to researchers. Within the field there are many correlates to biological (genetic) and social causes. The present paper seeks to explore current research through investigating the social and bio-genetic influence of ADHD on child intelligence. Testing and treatments of those with ADHD will also be discussed. In accordance with Dulcan et al. (1997) ADD, ADD-H, ADHD, although not identical, will be considered interchangeably due to similarity.Characteristics and Testing of ADHD Intelligence Even though ADHD occurs in people of every intelligence, a majority of children affected experience academic problems. These children may have specific learning disabilities, such as dyslexia, or may have multiple learning problems (Beiderman et al., 1993). In a study by MacLeod et al. (1996) comparing ADHD children with those unaffected, those with the disorder performed significantly worse than the others. Learning disabilities can be said to arise from attentional difficulties in the classroom setting. Many of these difficulties occur in tasks where listening and time is a factor. Reading disabilities have also been found as a result of ADHD (Millberger et al., 1991).Even though there is a higher prevalence of boys and those with low intelligence diagnosed, others with ADHD are impaired as well. Results have found that girls with this disorder face greater intellectual impairment, especially with picture vocabulary tasks, than boys or control girls (Seidman et al., 1997). There is also significant findings that the level of intelligence affects ADHD children in different ways. More specifically, those with both ADHD and normal to high intelligence are more prone to accidents, and have a smaller number of steady friends. Children who were identified with low intelligence and ADHD were found to have more behavioral and emotional problems in their adolescence. Long term studies have found that the outcome of these children was continued academic problems and school failures (Aman et al., 1996). However,...

Find Another Essay On ADHD on Child Intelligence

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder and the Prospect of Substance Abuse

2137 words - 9 pages ADHD and the Prospect of Substance Abuse Reaction Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder whose symptoms consist of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Individuals diagnosed with ADHD often experience difficulties being able to focus on a particular task and controlling their behavior. The disorder is also associated with lower academic success, delinquent behavior, and difficulty maintaining

ADHD Essay

1397 words - 6 pages intelligence, people diagnosed with ADHD are proven to have a higher than average injury rate due to acting before thinking. The traits associated with ADHD can also put a strain on family relationships. Most people believe that ADHD has a harmful impact on an individual’s life. Symptoms of inattention can include the following: • Doesn’t pay attention to details • Makes a lot of mistakes • Fails to finish things • Doesn’t seem to listen

The Impact of a Label

2363 words - 10 pages can be compared to the typical intellectual pattern of individuals with ADHD (www.sevencounties.org). The Wechsler adult intelligence scale was the test that I was administered when I was tested for ADHD. The test itself has proven to be an accurate measure of intelligence, but its reliability when using it to evaluate ADHD depends on the skill of the person analyzing it. The analysis of the results can be subjective, but experienced

Differences in Perception in Children with ADHD

1316 words - 5 pages that parents recognize when their child has this disorder and that they seek appropriate treatment (Erk 3). Recognizing the disorder is another challenge in of itself (Johnson 155). There are many contradicting viewpoints when it comes to diagnosing and treating ADHD (Johnson 155). Although the disorder might impair a child¡¦s ability to learn, intelligence doesn¡¦t appear to be a determining factor as to whether or not a child will be

ADD/ADHD

1226 words - 5 pages the parents may also have to watch the child very closely because ADHD has lead to some animal abuse cases. Parenting a child with ADHD is hard for both the father and the mother. Even though the father helps the mother takes on most of the controlling of the child. She will discipline, make suggestion, and direct the child throughout his/her life. A often heard comment form the mom is that it seems that the child will act better around the

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

1884 words - 8 pages impact ADHD has on personal and family relationships is the most detrimental. Dealing with the symptoms of ADHD in a child, creates an enormous amount of stress for parents. Sibling rivalry is increased as the child with ADHD requires more attention, is typically very selfish, and often combative. Friendship is a difficult task requiring a give and take method, which is very complicated in someone with ADHD. This often continues into young

ADHD in Adolescent Males and Its Effect on the Family Structure

995 words - 4 pages single-parent families, had a lower socioeconomic status, and higher levels of parenting stress. Students without ADHD were regarded as more engaged, warmer, and displaying better communication than those of children with ADHD. The research for the child generated problem suggests families of children with ADHD and a comorbid disorder behavior disorder may reach poorer solutions than those with ADHD only. In summation, ADHD does seem to cause stress on a family unit and with the increased risk of comorbid disorders, the likelihood of additional stressors on the parent to child relationship is extremely likely.

Understanding and Overcoming ADHD

1580 words - 6 pages ADHD is attention deficit disorder accompanied by impassivity and over activity. Medical scientists think ADHD is caused by a chemical problem in the brain. The front part of the brain helps you pay attention, concentrate, organize things, and put breaks on impulsive or unacceptable behavior. People's brains with ADHD may not be able to use the brain's main signal senders, neurotransmitters, the way it is suppose to. The front part of the brain

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

1588 words - 7 pages whose children have ADHD have stress levels that are higher than parents of children without ADHD. Parents whose children with ADHD have stress rates that are higher because they have to focus on the right medication, their children’s behavior, and getting all of their questions answered. People who have ADHD as a child continues to suffer problems related to this disorder as adolescents and adults. Parents whose children have ADHD have many

Educating ADHD Students

2196 words - 9 pages inattentive ADHD learner daydreams, is easily confused and moves slowly. They may process information slower and less accurately than other children their age. These learners have difficulty in following instructions. On the other hand, these learners may exhibit hyperactivity. These are the learners that fiddle and wiggle in their desks, and talk continuously. They are the child that seems to be everywhere all at once. They rush around, touching

iconic memory test adhd

1385 words - 6 pages child symptom inventory -4 that reference symptoms question related to ADHD according to the DSM-5. Then Iconic memory test adapted from a test initially introduced by Sperling and Averbach in 1961 for testing iconic memory in healthy individuals. In this test children were present with images of an object which are easily identifiable for 6-9 years old children. There were 12 images shown to 20 6-year old children, and 4 images were most

Similar Essays

Adhd On Intelligence Essay

2276 words - 9 pages Running Head: ADHD ON INTELLIGENCE Social and Bio-genetic Influences of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Child Intelligence The subject of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has undergone intense research in the past decade. Much of this is rooted in the fact that approximately 5% of children are affected with the disorder. Children with ADHD are identified as having increased behavioral difficulties because of excessive

What Effect Does Being Identified "Adhd" Have On A Child?

885 words - 4 pages medications with horrific side effects and moving on. In the schools, the teachers receive information that a child is ADHD and that becomes an excuse as to why that child didn’t do so well or why he is in so much trouble. The diagnosis of ADHD would be helpful if the treatments and trainings put in place were followed but because this seems to be more of a social infliction society does not want to accept these individuals as normal. Soon this

Management Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In The Classroom

1012 words - 5 pages neurotransmitter in the brain dysfunction; 2, ADHD is a kind of real disease, not because of poverty, personality, intelligence, etc. caused; 3, ADHD in children and adolescents is considered to be the most common behavioral problems; 4,70% of children with ADHD symptoms persist into adolescence, 30% continue into adulthood; 5, ADHD can not rely on high-tech diagnostic examination and blood tests, but rather rely on their parents to fill in a

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (Adhd) Essay

1644 words - 7 pages Running Head: ADHD ON INTELLIGENCE Social and Bio-genetic Influences of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Child Intelligence      Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has undergone intense research in the past decade. Much of this is rooted in the fact that approximately 5% of children are affected with the disorder. Children with ADHD are identified as having increased behavioral difficulties