Adlerian Theory Of Counselling Essay

1694 words - 7 pages

AbstractThis essay will discuss the Adlerian theory of counselling. After providing a brief overview of some of the key concepts including feelings of inferiority, purposeful behaviour and social interest, it will focus on the idea that a person can only be understood holistically. The paper will then discuss the related idea that an individual's perception of life events affects a person's psychology more than the actual events themselves (Kazdin 2000). This essay will also look at the counselling techniques that can be used to understand and help the client, not only in terms of his or her entire context, but also in terms their subjective perspective of life. The Adlerian technique has application in contemporary counselling and the number of Adlerian training centres continue to grow.This paper will address a therapeutic approach known as the Adlerian technique named after its designer, Alfred Adler. In the early part of his career, Adler collaborated with Sigmund Freud in the development of the psychodynamic approach to therapy (Corey, 2005). However, Adler defected and founded the Society for Individual Psychology in 1912 (Corey, 2005). He went on to develop the Adlerian technique, also known as Individual Psychology, during the early twentieth century and, until his death in 1937, educated practitioners, schools and parents about its principles. After Adler's death, Rudolf Dreikurs continued to practice and promote counselling techniques premised on Individual Psychology, finding a willing audience in the United States (Corey, 2005). According to Sperry (2007), core beliefs of a "True Adlerian" include that individuals are holistic and goal directed; and strive for social belongingness. The topics that will discuss these topics, with a particular focus on a connected Adlerian idea- the subjective reality of an individual. The essay will then focus on the counselling techniques advocated by Adlerians in response to this. That is, Adlerian counsellors try to view the world from the client's view, an orientation described as phenomenological (Corey, 2005). The counsellor looks at whether mistakes in thinking exist that lead to an inability of the individual to feel social belongingness. The counsellor then encourages the client to improve his or her self-understanding and correct the mistaken beliefs for a happier life.One of the main concepts associated with the Adlerian theory is that the individual's approach to life is formed in the first 6 years. Adler contends that, in these early years, because of a necessary dependence on others to survive, feelings of inferiority begin in the individual. However, it is these feelings of inferiority that motivate the individual to succeed and to overcome inabilities and inadequacies (Corey, 2005). As such, Adler (1924) states, "…The child arrives at the positing of a goal, an imagined goal of superiority, whereby his poverty is transformed into wealth, his subordination into domination, his...

Find Another Essay On Adlerian theory of counselling

Comparing Adlerian Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Solution Focused Brief Therapy

3634 words - 15 pages ). This essay is going to highlight the similarities and differences of the models and their main focus, and how the three models will help the clients choose goals that best fit their environment and resources. The main goal of using these models is to help people. Adlerian Theory Key Concepts Alfred Adler was born in 1870. He published his first major psychology book, Understanding Human Nature, in 1959. Alder has a passionate concern

Low Esteem Problem Essay

2568 words - 10 pages . (Freud, 1969) Adler's influence on U.S. psychiatry, however, was much less theoretical. Adlerian theory lacks the tight structural integration of Freudian theory. It is largely a process, a dialectical, therapeutic process, which states that people have opposing tendencies that are universalistic -- for example, inferiority-superiority, social interest-self-interest. Largely because of this dialectical nature, it is not particularly amenable to cross

Group Therapies

2656 words - 11 pages . Zweite Auflage. Pfullingen: Verlag Gunther Neske. (English translation: Nietzsche, F. (1979). Nietzsche: Volumes I and II. (tr. David Farrell Krell). San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.Journal for Specialists and Group Work Sage Publications.Sonstegard, M. A., Bitter, J. R., Pelonis-Peneros, P. P., & Nicoll, W. G. (2001). Adlerian group psychotherapy: A brief therapy approach. Directions in Clinical and Counseling Psychology, 11(2), 11-24.Sweeney, T. J. (1998). Adlerian counseling: A practitioner's approach (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Accelerated Development.Yalom I.D. (1997) Theory and Pracice of Group Psychotherapy (4th Edition)

pschology

2112 words - 9 pages goes through. This paper will first define career counselling then discuss the purpose and outcomes of career counselling…. DEFINITIONS Coetzee & Roythrone- Jacobs (2007) state that career counselling is about empowering clients with choices regarding their lives and careers. Maree (2010) mentions that career counselling is a one on one interaction between the practitioner and the client involving the use of psychological theory and communication

The Adlerian Theory

713 words - 3 pages The Adlerian Theory Alfred Adler was the founder of Adlerian Counseling. He was born in 1870 in the country of Austria. who gave his theory the name Individual Psychology, because he wanted people to see that his theory and methods were designed to help clients help themselves. He believed that everyone had and internal need to be a part of society, and a desire to contribute to that society. That everyone strives for perfection, and

Alderian Therapy

728 words - 3 pages Abstract Adlerian goals for the client were to help them develop a healthy, complete lifestyle, and to help them overcome feelings of inferiority. He developed a twelve-stage process to help a client reach his or her goals. He believed that everyone had an internal need to be a part of society.Adlerian Therapy Alfred Adler was the founder of Adlerian Counseling. He was born in 1870 in the country of Austria. Who gave his theory the name

Assessment of Counselling Skills

2201 words - 9 pages This essay evaluates the counselling skills used during a 30 minute integrative counselling session with a male client aiming to combine strengths of person-centred theory, attachment theory and cognitive-behavioural therapy. It starts by offering a case formulation based on Padesky and Greenberger (1995), as well as Lazarus’ (1973) multimodal assessment template the BASIC ID (cited in Prochaska and Norcross, 2003, p.496), of a married young

The Use of Adlerian and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on an Adolescent With Post traumatic Stress Disorder.

1930 words - 8 pages The University of DenverAlfred Adler created a psychological theory that focused on feelings of inferiority. Adler saw feelings of inferiority as normal, and recognized that such feelings had the potential to be used as a motivation to strive for mastery. Aaron T.Beck created Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT). REBT suggests that our emotions branch from our beliefs, evaluations, interpretations, and reactions to life situations. Through

A Brief Comparison of Historical Paths for the Clinical and Counselling Streams of Psychology

2288 words - 9 pages found with much of clinical psychology’s aims in respect to the model’s attempt to classify different types of illness (Hothersall, 1984; Norcross, 2000). Further parallels can be made with current counselling psychological practice as the model proposes the innate ability of human beings to heal themselves (Geldard & Geldard, 2012; Gladding, 2013; Hothersall, 1984). The historical study of psychological theory is critical to the professional

Human Nature

1534 words - 6 pages quantifiable outcome of the process such as the development of coping strategies to handle future problems, self-examination, and long-term pattern/personality change. My personal theory goals would be similar to the ones used in the goals of the Adlerian theory. As in the Adlerian theory, my theory it is aimed to provide assistance to individuals in order for them to seek out changes in thier life along with helping them grow as individuals. The

School Counseling: A Case Study in Ethical Decision Making

3174 words - 13 pages ). Basic personal counselling, (4th ed), Frenchs Forest, Prentice Hall. Haas, L. J., Malouf, J. L, & Mayerson, N H (1988) Personal and professional characteristics as factors in psychologists' ethical decision making. In Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, (19) I, 35-42. Jones-Nelson, R. (2006) Theory and Practice of Counselling & Therapy. (4th ed), Sage Publications Ltd: London. United Kingdom Kenna, P. (2006). Ethics. In N

Similar Essays

Critique Of Article On Adlerian Theory

636 words - 3 pages because they went into a great detail of many past researchers and their findings and compared their results accordingly. Their extensive list of references shows there record of investigation. Above all they compared their findings to the Adlerian theory. Their theory and many others have added to the support of Adler's theory of social interest and that there is an importance of family experiences for the development of social interest. Overall

Adlerian Family Therapy Theorized By Alfred Adler

1850 words - 7 pages .html Thomas, C., & Marchant, W. C. (n.d.). Basic Principals of Adlerian Family Counseling. Adlerian Family Counseling. Retrieved March 25, 2014, from http://www.vicnapier.com/Psych%20Files/AdlerianPsych/BasicAdlerianAssumptions.htm Bitter, J. R. (2009). Adlerian Family Therapy. Theory and practice of family therapy and counseling (pp. 97-116). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning. Gladding, S. T. (2011). A guide to ethical conduct for

Adlerian Psychotherapy Essay

2537 words - 10 pages Understand, interpret, direct. This statement is an oversimplification of sorts, but defines the essence of Adlerian psychotherapy. From this minimal overview of Adlerian theory, we can begin to elaborate and explore the intricacies of individual psychology. Adlerians are concerned with understanding the unique and private beliefs and strategies of the individual (private logic and mistaken notions) that we create in childhood, and which serve

An Overview Of Individual Counseling Therapy Options

2797 words - 11 pages by the therapist (clinician) with the client. In 2010 Seligman proposed the BETA treatment system, which stands for background, emotions, thoughts, and actions. According to Seligman, all theories are either focused on a person’s background, emotions, thoughts or their actions. For this reason, we will discuss three prominent forms of individual counseling therapy used today. The three types of therapy are Adlerian Theory, Cognitive Behavioral