Administration Essay

3034 words - 12 pages

The following assignment is an attempt to discuss whether or not administrative reform is an essential prerequisite to democratization and governance. It will further discuss implications of this link between democratization, governance and administrative reforms for public administration.Administrative reform means an induced, permanent improvement in administration" (Wallis 1989, 170)Governance refers to "all processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organization or territory and whether through laws, norms, power or language." It relates to processes and decisions that seek to define actions grant power and verify performanceDemocratization is the transition to a more democratic political regime. It may be the transition from an authoritarian regime to a full democracy, a transition from an authoritarian political system to a semi-democracy or transition from a semi-authoritarian political system to a democratic political system. (Welzel, Christian, 2006).Democratization, good governance and administrative reform are related in a number of ways first, they are all concerned with institution and capacity building. The process of democratization and the concept of governance involve institution and capacity building aimed at not only the improvement of governmental capacity but also the creation of more efficient and more autonomous state and civil institutions, capable of ushering in development in the Third World. The "over-development" of the post-colonial state, with the vast expansion of its size, regulatory powers and administrative responsibilities led to the erosion of its efficiency, authority and economic viability and these are supposed to be "corrected" via institution and capacity building methods of "rolling the state back" (decentralization, privatization, and deregulation) and liberalization. For instance, with economic liberalization, the corruption and other administrative weakness encouraged by over-regulation would be minimised, if not eradicated (Jeffries, 1993).Administrative reform, in the other hand, is also concerned with incorporated, foster and protect (new) normative relationships and actions patterns, perform functions and services which are valued in the environment, and facilitate the assimilation of new physical and social technologies. Such organizations are instruments of planned change in the administrative system. They bring about reform by their linkages (enabling, functional, normative and diffused) with their environment. Their effectiveness depends on the quality of their leadership and the appropriateness of their internal structures. Quality leadership can be trusted to decide on correct tactics while appropriate structures will ensure survival. In short, to distinguish institution and capacity building characteristics of democratization, good governance and administrative reform concentrate their energies on building a...

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