Individual OB Essay
Individual OB Essay
In this essay I will provide a personal account of what I did in the business game, beginning by discussing my initial perceptions and the formation of our group. I will then proceed to analyse and explain the behaviour of our group and individuals within our group through applying theories like Tuckman's four stage's (Bruce Tuckman, 1965) and Herzberg Motivational theory (Frederick Herzberg, 1959). Lastly I will provide an overview of the simulation, comment upon how I applied knowledge learnt in other modules throughout the game and evaluate whether the learning objectives for the module were met.
The power struggle
In any group based activity it is almost inevitable that certain people will have more power than others. The Five bases of power (French and Raven 1959) explains how this power is absorbed by certain people and will help explain the so called `power struggle' which naturally occurred through our group project.
Before we first met I was very happy to let someone else become Managing Director and for myself to take more of a back seat. However since no-one initially volunteered to be MD I put myself forward . I was accepted to become MD by the others. Although it would appear that I was given the position of MD by default, I feel my `Referent power' helped contribute to my allocation of this role. `Referent power is the power or ability of individuals to attract others and build loyalty, based on the charisma and interpersonal skills of the power holder' (French and Raven 1959). Although I think my charisma is limited I was the only group member who initially communicated with everyone and got everyone involved, thus I feel my effective interpersonal skills gave people confidence in allowing me to become MD.
It was then decided that Dimitar would be --> FD[Author:P] purely due to the fact he was more willing than anyone else to become --> FD[Author:P] (In practice nobody else volunteered). I was happy with this after hearing how well Dimitar had done in his first year in the finance modules. This as such gave him `expert power,' `an individual's power deriving from the skills or expertise of the person and the organization's needs for those skills and expertise,' (French and Raven 1959).This immediately gave him confidence and attracted the confidence of others, as shown by his contribution in the next major decision process.
Power Struggle- Conflict
I then encountered some conflict in our group. Both Nicky and Karmen sought the role of HR manager and so my first role as MD was to facilitate a decision --> about[Author:P] who would be the HR manager. I asked both candidates for their reasons why they wanted to become HR manger. Both candidates pretty much gave the same reason, explaining that HR was their field of work and that they had experience in this field that would be useful for...