This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Admissibility Of Dna Test, Brain Mapping, And Narco Analysis

2131 words - 9 pages

Introduction
Narco-Analysis
The word Narco-Analysis is derived from the Greek word narkç which means anesthesia. The narco analysis test is performed by commixing 3 grams of Sodium Pentothal or Sodium Amytal dissolved in 3000 ml of distilled water. Narco Test refers to the practice of administering Pentothal Sodium, to lower a person’s self- consciousness, in the hope that the person will more liberatingly share information and feelings. A person is able to lie by utilizing his imagination. In the narco Analysis Test, the person's self- consciousness is lowered by interfering with his nervous system at the molecular level. In this state, it becomes arduous though not infeasible for him to ...view middle of the document...

The statement made during this stage are recorded both in video and audio cassettes.
Other than narco test there are withal other two kinds of tests which are popularly utilized on the convict for taking out truth, these are-

1) P300 or brain mapping test
In “Brain-wave finger printing” method, the incriminated is first interviewed and interrogated to ascertain whether he is concealing any information. Then sensors are annexed to the person’s head and the person is seated afore a computer monitor. He is then shown certain images or made to aurally perceive certain sounds. The sensors monitor electrical activity in the brain and register P300 waves, which are engendered only if the person has connection with the stimulus i.e. picture or sound. The person is not asked any questions. Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electro Encephalographic Response is initiated in the inculpated when his brain apperceives eminent information pertaining to the crime. Information from the crime scene which is stored in the brain matches with the information of Brain finger printing test. Studies have shown that an innocent suspect’s brain would not have stored or recorded certain information, which an authentic perpetrator’s brain would have stored.

2) Polygraph or lie detection test
Polygraph test is predicated on a posit that there is an interaction between the mind and body and is conducted by sundry components or the sensors of a polygraph machine, which are annexed to the body of the person who is interrogated by the expert. The blood pressure, pulse rate and respiration and muscle movement is recorded by the machine. Polygraph test is divided in three stages- a pretest interview, chart recording, and diagnosis. a set of test questions is prepared by The examiner depending upon the relevant information about the case provided by the investigating officer, such as the criminal charges against the person and verbalizations made by the suspect. The person is queried and the reactions are quantified. Investigators make a baseline by asking questions whose answers they investigators know. Categorical, perceptible physiological and behavioral changes and the sensors and a wave pattern in the graph expose the lie of a suspect. Deviation from the baseline is taken as a designation of lie. All these reactions are corroborated with other evidence amassed.

View of Indian judiciary on the admissibility and constitutional validity of the naro analysis test, brain mapping, and polygraph test
According to Article 20(3) of Indian constitution, No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself . The application of narco analysis test involves the fundamental question related to judicial matters and withal to Human Rights. The licit position of applying this technique as an investigative avail raises genuine issues like infringement of an individual’s rights, liberties, and liberation. Subjecting the incriminated to...

Find Another Essay On Admissibility of DNA Test, Brain Mapping, and Narco Analysis

Comparative Analysis of DNA Polymorphisms and Phylogenetic Relationships Among Syzygium Cumini Skeels

576 words - 3 pages of molecular markers have been used to evaluate the genetic diversity in collections of genetic resources of horticultural crops. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis has been used for diversity analysis in a vast array of fruit crops provide an opportunity for direct comparison and identification of diverse genetic material independent of any environmental influences [24, 25]. Earlier, molecular markers like RAPD have been

Analysis of a Test Object

1406 words - 6 pages Paper 2: Analysis of a Test Object Cloverfield is about the struggle of a group of New Yorker friends trying to survive the destruction of a large monster destroying the city. This monster is unknown to the people and very rarely even seen through the lenses of the camera, shot from the hands of Hud, one of the New Yorkers. This movie is about the illusion of safety; protection and freedom, and the moment it is shattered, resulting in panic

Pros and Cons of Recombinant DNA Technology

1490 words - 6 pages and McCarty purified DNA and proved them to be the carriers of genetic information, until which protein was believed to be the carrier. Even before the structure was elucidated, in 1947, Erwin Chargoff postulated certain rules that DNA follows. Hershey and Chase conducted a series of experiments in 1952 to prove that DNA is the genetic material. DNA was crystallized and its helical nature was found out using X-ray crystallography by Franklin and

ethical and legal implications of dna databases

2607 words - 11 pages a sample (Guillen, Lareu, Pestoni, Salas and Carracedo, 2000, p.1). In the United Kingdom., however, any recordable offence is included in the database (Guillen et al., 2000, p. 1; Heinemann, 2012, p.7). Debates across the world on how to run a DNA database are underway. Database including the general population. The first possible implementation of a database involves the analysis of the general population. Collecting samples from such a large

The pros and cons of DNA profiling

875 words - 4 pages Does DNA profiling in its current state offer foolproof identification? What needs to be in place for it to be error-free? Should all incarcerated criminals be forced to give samples? Should convicted juveniles? Should the general public be required to give a DNA sample? The pros of DNA profiling are that it can be used to quickly eliminate a suspect, saving time in searches for perpetrators. And it can provide compelling evidence to support a

The Collection and Retention of DNA

2170 words - 9 pages Introduction DNA testing has been the center of attention in many criminal justice cases. The United States corrections centers have utilized the DNA testing process. Seventeen death row inmates have been exonerated by the use of these tests. Earl Washington was convicted of rape and murder in 1984. Although he confessed to the rape, he was also diagnosed as being mentally retarded. In October of 2000 Mr., Washington was given a DNA test

Pos. and Neg. of DNA Profiling

966 words - 4 pages The Positives and Negatives on DNA Profiling DNA testing has many uses, both positive and negative, in our society. Genetic profiling has been beneficial in paternity suits and rape cases, where the father or the assailant could be identified. However, despite its growing number of utilizations, DNA profiling is extremely hazardous when results are inaccurate or used to discriminate. Many have benefited from the genetic engineering that has

Chemistry and the Structure of DNA

690 words - 3 pages Genetics relies on chemistry to explain phenomena related to the field. The structure of DNA relies on chemistry. In fact, when James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA, they did so by building models based on the laws of chemistry. Chemistry also relates heavily to the structure and function of one of the main products of DNA: protein. Chemistry dictates the structure of DNA. DNA is a polymer of monomers called nucleic

DNA finger Printing Facts and progress of DNA finger printing. Facts of all DNA finger printing up to 2003

660 words - 3 pages The genetic material that makes up a persons inherited features (sex, eye color and blood type) is called DNA. (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) DNA is a long molecule that is made up of building blocks called nucleotides. What order the nucleotides are in is extremely important. Grouped together the nucleotides form genes. Every persons DNA contains over 40,000 genes. Each inherited feature is determined by one or more gene. The order of the nucleotides

Relevance and admission of DNA in litigation matters - Research Paper

1804 words - 8 pages opposing expert witness who is going to testify against the state DNA evidence as expects in DNA often charge high prices to be witnesses in cases. Not only is money needed to pay expert witnesses but also access to labarotory and other test facilities that can be used to investigate the evidence. The complexities of the whole concept of DNA also means that cross examination is not really and effective way of establishing or attacking the oppositions

Uses of DNA and Fingerprints in Crime Scene Investigation

1212 words - 5 pages the objects takes from thirty-six hours to three weeks using a five-step process.Step one is known as Isolation. DNA is removed from the nucleus of cells found in skin, blood, sperm, spit and other bodily from a human body. The quality of the DNA decreases as the body decomposes. When skin, blood, and other bodily fluids are not available, mitochondrial tests are taken using samples of hair, dandruff and bone. The Nuclear test is a lot quicker

Similar Essays

An Analysis And Description Of The Brain

1575 words - 6 pages , stomach to digest food, and many other involuntary actions.1 While the brain is a very efficient organ, things can go wrong and affect the brain negatively. When this happens, many things can go wrong in the body. Certain diseases of the brain can wreak havoc in a person’s body and completely turn their life upside down. Two examples would be tumors and Alzheimer’s disease. In our modern day world, many advancements have been made in the area

Analysis Of Test Results

1145 words - 5 pages In an analysis of the results of four different personality tests, I discovered not only my personality type, but also my study skills and time management skills. I learned that my personality type corresponds with the traits necessary to my desired career in social work. This analysis is helpful in understanding my personality and its relation to my success in college and in life. The Holland Code test revealed that I am a helping, organizing

History And Discovery Of Dna Essay

1059 words - 4 pages DNA is the common name for Deoxyribonucleic acid. This is made up of nucleic acids containing deoxyribose (sugar), consisting of complex molecules, present in the chromosomes of all plant and animal cells, and carrying in coded form instructions for passing on hereditary characteristics.The DNA molecule takes the shape of a double helix, a simple structure that resembles gently twisted ladders. The rails of the ladder are made of pairs of

Dna Extraction Of Blood And Analysis Of Phosphate Acquisition Mutants Of E. Coli Assignment

727 words - 3 pages EXPERIMENT 1: Quantitation of DNA Solutions Using Absorbance at 260 nm Q1. 0.137 0.279 7 13 Graph 1; DNA Absorbance at 260 nm- Standard curve depicting theoretical A260 and of 1/5 and 1/10 diluted DNA A260 An average A260 value of 0.279 for 1/5 diluted DNA was obtained, which correlated to the CDNA of 13 ?g/mL. Similarly, an average A260 value of 0.137 for 1/10 diluted DNA was obtained, which correlated to the CDNA of 7