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Adolescent Self Esteem Essay

1112 words - 4 pages

The study by Steese et al. (2006) included 63 adolescent girls with a mean age of 13. The program met for ten weeks. Each session featured a different topic, such as relationships and friendship. Results of the study indicate that self-esteem measures between testing were not significant, but several related concepts proved to be. Self-efficacy attitudes did significantly improve after treatment and can be linked to positive self-esteem. An explanation for their results is the possibility that the short duration of time could not change girls’ levels of self-esteem. “Every Body is Somebody” is another program (McVey & Davis, 2002) with the goal of improving several areas in participants’ lives, including body image satisfaction, eating behaviors, and self-esteem. In a replication study of the program’s effectiveness, McVey, et al. (2003) recruited a sample of 258 girls whose mean age was 11 years and who were all within 10% of the average body weight for their age. The program met once a week for six weeks. Results of the study demonstrated that the program had a positive impact on the girls’ lives. Body image satisfaction scores increased more so than in the control group. The dieting behaviors score on the eating attitudes and behaviors factor decreased more than the control and was maintained after a year. Self-esteem scores increased more than the control and were maintained at the follow up. Many of the programs designed to enhance self-esteem take place in school. Research has shown that the families of participants should be included in the process. The “Every Body is Somebody” program (McVey & Davis, 2002) incorporated a caregiver component in the model. Students are encouraged to discuss the weekly lessons at home. The lessons on positive self-evaluation and involving others in their lives included parents. It was accomplished by teaching participants to communicate openly with those important in their lives. Parents’ involvement in the process of building self-esteem appeared to contribute to adolescents’ improved perceptions of how their parents view them. There are also multicultural considerations to have within the literature on adolescent self-esteem. Berk (2007) considers culture as one of the greatest influences on a child’s self-esteem. Cultural values and traditions impact how an adolescent feels about themselves and their place in the world. Culture can be protective or it can present an adolescent with stress that may damage self-esteem. Keeny and McEachern (2009) identify many multicultural challenges to self-esteem. Some of these challenges include acculturation and discrimination. If an adolescent does not demonstrate behaviors valued by the culture in which they reside, their behaviors will prove to be potential challenges to their self-esteem. This must be taken into consideration when reviewing the literature on these adolescent populations. In addition to being cautious about what language and vocabulary is used in...

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