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Adolescents Risky Behavior Essay

947 words - 4 pages

Who am I, how should I act, what is happening to my body? All of these are questions that adolescences ask of themselves. Being an adolescent is a critical time in cognitive development. This is the time between childhood and adulthood. The body and the brain are undergoing changes that affect psychical growth and the psychological thought process. New experiences, new possibilities, and new demands are being placed on adolescences. The way adolescences perceive themselves and the changes around them will affect their decision making process. All adults have gone through adolescents and have had to experience this fascinating and yet confusing time in human development. A human’s past ...view middle of the document...

When trying to explain the thought process we can look at cognitive development and emotional factors. Cognitive development according to Mossler refers to changes in thinking, language, and intelligence (Mossler, 2011, Sec.1.2). Emotions are our feelings based on our perceptions (Santrock, 2012, p. 301). The way we process information and how we perceive it affects our emotional feelings about the information. As an adolescent decisions are based more on desire and wanting to satisfy the self for the moment and the results of the actions are not fully considered. As we mature into adults decision are based more on satisfying the self now and the possible outcome of the decision made.
Decisions are made through a process. You must first recognize there is a decision to be made. Next you must evaluate the problem. Third you must weigh your options. Fourth you need to process the all the information you have. Fifth you need to come up with a strategy and last but not least you must implement or make your decision.
Adolescences are better decision makers than children but not as good as adults. Adolescences are able to view different options, project the consequence of a decision, and consider if the sources are creditable (Santrock, 2012, p.231) The problem teens have in making good decisions is in part due to the changes in the brain that is causing hormonal changes which increase emotional instability. Teen’s emotions interfere with their judgment which makes their decisions less logical and increases their chances of making risky decisions. Teens are also more likely to be influenced by peers which in many cases lead to risky behavior. Teens are more likely to misinterpret situations, and be impulsive. Adults tend to make better decisions as they have more experiences in making decisions; they are less emotional and use more logic in making decisions. Adults are more likely to think before they take action, have a...

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