Since World War II the word Holocaust describes the murder and captivity in ghettos,
concentration camps and death camps of more than six million Jews by Nazi Germany under the
leadership of Adolf Hitler. The Holocaust was the systematic mass murder of European Jews in
Nazi concentration camps during World War II.i
The Holocaust destroyed society by killing
more than 6 million Jews, leaving thousands with physical and mental pain behind and by
affecting our society today in a negative way.
The German depression after World War I was the opportunity Adolf Hitler had been
waiting for. He and the National Socialist German Workers Party had a good chance to come to
power. With a lot of ...view middle of the document...
On April first, nineteen thirty-three Hitler ordered a boycott of Jewish shops. His
Storm Troopers were standing outside the shops and did not let people enter them. A lot of
people agreed with Hitler’s philosophy, the ones that did not were too afraid to say something.
They were afraid of the government’s punishment and of what other people might think about
The Nürnberger Gesetze (Nuremberg Laws) in nineteen thirty-five were laws against
Jews and people that had Jewish ancestors within four generations. Being Jewish was not treated
as a religion but as a race. The laws were supposed to prevent mixed marriages so that the Aryan
race would be pure. Couples with Jewish and Aryan origin that were already married were forced
to be divorced. The new laws also limited the number of Jewish students in schools and colleges.
They did not have a citizenship or any civil rights anymore. Jews were also not allowed to vote,
or to attend any kind of public events, such as sport events. Those laws made the life for Jews in
Germany even harder. Many Jews left the country voluntarily; those who did not had to suffer
from the discrimination.
With all the laws against Jews, it was very easy for Hitler and his Nazi Party to arrest
them. Once they got arrested, they went to prison without a trial. There was not enough room to
arrest all the Jews, so Hitler ordered the construction of concentration and death camps. The first
concentration camp was Dachau. It was built in March nineteen thirty-three in the South of the
German Reich. Other large camps, like Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Ravensbrück, Flossenbürg
and Neuengamme, opened soon after Dachau. In August nineteen thirty-eight, the first
concentration camp outside Germany was built in Austria. Not only Jews were sent to the concentration camps. Between nineteen thirty-three and
nineteen thirty-five laws were made to reduce the numbers of gypsies, handicapped,
homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and also citizen with foreign ancestors. Many were sent to
concentration camps. The Nazis also used another method to prevent the mixing of pure Aryan
blood and non-Aryan blood. They sterilized between three-hundred thousand and four-hundred
thousand people that they thought were inferior, so that they could not have children.
In November nineteen thirty-eight, a Jewish boy murdered a German officer. The Nazi’s
used that as an reason to destroy Jewish property and to attack Jews. On November ninth,
nineteen thirty-eight Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Göbbels ordered a nationwide riot against
Jews. That night more than seven-thousand Jewish shops were destroyed and over a thousand
Jewish synagogues were burned. Jews got attacked and many died. The police watched without
doing anything, because they got the order to do so. This night is known as the Kristallnacht
(Night of Broken Glass). The next day, more than thirty-thousand Jews were arrested and sent to
concentration camps for...