This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Adolf Hitler And The Soviet Union

1376 words - 6 pages

On June 22, 1941, the Adolf Hitler launched a ruthless attack on his so-called ally, the Soviet Union. In December 1941, after a short five months, Operation Barbarossa, induced by the Nazi’s, failed. The Nazi Party ultimately fell to its demise, through the fail of Operation Barbarossa, from a combination of Hitler’s arrogance towards the Soviets as well as the Soviet response, but most importantly, Hitler’s greatest mistake: spreading his troops too wide across a colossal Russia.
Hitler wrote, in his book Mein Kampf, that he would liquidate the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles, along with many other things, stated that Germany could only have six battleships, only 100,000 ...view middle of the document...

The Nazi’s thought communism was poison because of their view on private property. Communists thought that owning land or private property was theft, and strongly opposed capitalism. These views helped Hitler gain many followers including businessmen and landowners. Hitler also thought the Soviet Union stood no chance because of the devastation the purges caused to the Red Army and the Soviet Union as a whole. Author Alan Clark of multiple well known World War II books, says, “Hitler dismissed the latent strength of such an organization. He believed that the Soviet military machine was so riddled with Communism, insecurity, suspicion, and informers, and so demoralized by the purges that it could not function properly” (Clark 43). The Red Army was not crushed, but still very capable of fighting in a war. Hitler’s sense of pride did not only cause him to underestimate Russian power, shown when Alan Clark says, “But whatever his reasoning, he had, in his estimate of the Russian potential, overlooked one very important factor. The Wehrmacht was not confronted by an opponent of a completely different kind from the soft nations of the West” (Clark 43), but also overestimate his own. He had the element of surprise when he made his attack on June 22, and even with that advantage, “The Wehrmacht could not smash the bulk of soviet forces in a planned six week battle of annihilation” (Mawdsley 151).
Despite the many Nazi mistakes that contributed to the Soviet victory, the Soviet Union was surprisingly competent. William Shirer, Author of the popular book The Rise and the Fall of the Third Reich, wrote that Russian Forces were, “ well-fed, warmly clad and fresh, fully equipped for winter fighting.” Shirer (862).
The Soviets had many tactical advantages in Operation Barbarossa. The battle seemed as if the Germans had won until the Soviet counterattack of December 1941 and, “Only 5% of the pre-invasion strength of Red Army aviation in western Europe remained intact” (Clark). Hitler had pushed his army all the way past Leningrad, and came exceedingly close to the capture of Moscow, but the Red Army was not defeated. The Soviet Union had reinforcement troops on the Eastern Front, located there in case of a possible attack from Japan. The Red Army brought extra troops in from Siberia, and as a result pushed the German army back 100 miles from Moscow. These counterattacks began in early December, and by late December, “a force of 65,000 troops had been assembled to defend the city of Moscow proper.” (Clark). Professor Ian Kershaw says, “As a consequence of all this, Professor Sir Ian Kershaw believes that the events of December 1941 – collectively – constitute the turning point of the entire war: ‘In December 1941, the Germans encounter their first major setback with the onset of the Soviet counteroffensive in front of Moscow; the first major setback which means that war is going to be prolonged indefinitely” (Kershaw). The Soviets had...

Find Another Essay On Adolf Hitler and The Soviet Union

The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler

867 words - 4 pages James Cross Giblin (born July 8,1993) is an American author of the book, “The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler.” Growing up in Ohio, Giblin worked on school newspapers and wrote a play at the Western Reserve University. It was later on published in the year 1954. After years of hard work in writing plays, he hasn’t succeeded to publish more. In 1954, the author attempted to get his master’s degree in New York at the Columbia University in which he

The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler

1245 words - 5 pages Samantha Fisher Ms. Setser English 9H 31 March 2014 The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was one of the most effective and influential leaders in history, his actions during his lifetime still have an impact on today's world. He was Chancellor and later Dictator of Germany, provoked World War II, and was accountable for an estimated 11 million deaths total by the end of his life. Hitler overcame the literal world by rising from a

Adolf Hitler and WWII

2517 words - 10 pages Adolf Hitler's Early YearsAdolf Hitler was born in the small Austrian town of Branau on the 20th of April 1889. He came from a middle-class family that lived comfortably, although he suggested in his book Mein Kampf that his family was poor and his childhood was filled with hardship. His father Alois Hitler was a customs official with the Austrian Civil Service. His mother, Klara was a former servant girl and became Alois' third wife. The young

Adolf Hitler and WWII

2636 words - 11 pages Adolf Hitler's Early YearsAdolf Hitler was born in the small Austrian town of Branau on the 20th of April 1889. He came from a middle-class family that lived comfortably, although he suggested in his book Mein Kampf that his family was poor and his childhood was filled with hardship. His father Alois Hitler was a customs official with the Austrian Civil Service. His mother, Klara was a former servant girl and became Alois' third wife. The young

Adolf Hitler, The Leader

2269 words - 10 pages speaker to make this work for him as a leadership tool. After the First World War, a favourable social and political environment in Germany also helped pave the way for a strong outspoken champion to seduce a sizeable proportion of the disaffected German population into voting for an extreme right wing leader, such as Hitler. Whatever his background and motivations, Adolf Hitler will certainly be remembered as one of the Worlds most influential Leaders.

The Soviet Union

3642 words - 15 pages to negotiate with Stalin but he had remained distrustful of Western intentions, and Hitler had offered immediate territorial gain.German attack of the Soviet Union1939 - Hitler's armies crushed Poland in 4 weeks. The Soviet Union took part of the win by getting the eastern half of Poland and the independent Baltic states of Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia.1940 - Hitler ruled practically all of western continental Europe; Italy was an ally, and the

The Soviet Union

640 words - 3 pages The Soviet Union The Soviet Union sparked its first paths of development towards a communist economy through a five-year plan in 1938. The plan called for government controls and government regulation for their workers. This planned also controlled prices and wages for the workers to control the standard of living and to keep the needs of the common man minimal. The government wanted control of all private industries so that they can push

Soviet Union: The Collapse

579 words - 2 pages In November 1987, Mikhail Gorbachev gave a speech to the Soviet Politburo saying, "Gentlemen, comrades, do not be concerned about all you hear about Glasnost and Perestroika and democracy in the coming years. They are primarily for outward consumption. There will be no significant internal changes in the Soviet Union, other than for cosmetic purposes. Our purpose is to disarm the Americans and let them fall asleep. We want to accomplish three

The Great Soviet Union

1103 words - 5 pages By using the images and words chosen Horsey conveys that sometimes misconceptions are portrayed in order to please or satisfy what should be shown to the general audience. The soviet union was collapsing during the late 1900s with economic downfalls and dropping of the population (, yet they like to portray themselves as pompous petrifying people whom all others should fear, when in reality they were simply a collapsing nation

Adolf Hitler: this essay is about the life and regin of adolf hitler

3745 words - 15 pages villages around the town of Linz, east of Braunau. By this time Adolf had a younger brother, Edmund, but he only lived until the age of six. In 1896, Klara gave birth to Adolf 's sister, Paula, who survived to outlive him.Adolf Hitler grew up with a poor record at school and left, before completing his tuition, with an ambition to become an artist. Alois Hitler had died when Adolf was thirteen and Klara brought up Adolf and Paula on her own. Between

Adolf Hitler and His Life

2425 words - 10 pages through most of Western Europe as nation after nation fell to the German war machine.In 1941, Hitler ignored a non-aggression pact he had signed with the Soviet Union in August 1939. Several early victories after the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, were reversed with crushing defeats at Moscow (December 1941) and Stalingrad (winter, 1942-43). The United States entered the war in December 1941. By 1944, the Allies invaded occupied

Similar Essays

How Far Do You Agree That As Late As 1940, Hitler Remained Undecided On The "Jewish Question". It Was The Invasion Of The Soviet Union, Which Transformed The Situation?

884 words - 4 pages place after the invasion on the Soviet Union on 22nd June 1941. Hitler ordered the Einsatzgruppen to advance into Russia - they are to execute the Jews, however, in the first period women and children are excluded from executions. The exact plan of Holocaust was designed on Wannsee Conference in January 1942 and in July the first mass executions begin in Treblinka.The above presented chronology is the argument in favour of functionalists because it

Adolf Hitler And The Holocaust Essay

2465 words - 10 pages Since World War II the word Holocaust describes the murder and captivity in ghettos, concentration camps and death camps of more than six million Jews by Nazi Germany under the leadership of Adolf Hitler. The Holocaust was the systematic mass murder of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.i The Holocaust destroyed society by killing more than 6 million Jews, leaving thousands with physical and mental pain behind and

Adolf Hitler And The Holocaust Essay

1619 words - 7 pages Germany’s fate was changed on April 20, 1889, the day I, Adolf Hitler was born to German official, Alois and my dear, Klara Hitler. Little did they know of what a miracle that had blessed them that day. My destiny was decided for me every time my father lectured me about the abhor Jews, taking up our German property, and beat me for the childish mistakes I made. I realized my destiny was to punish the faults in our once perfect nation. My

Adolf Hitler And The Nazis Essay

755 words - 4 pages The Germans, during the interwar period, supported the Nazis because at this time people needed a stable protecting ally to believe in. The Nazis were just that, they promised prosperity and rights to the people of Germany, and this is what the Germans needed at this time. The Nazis promised a greater life with equal rights. This made people feel like they were good and only wanted the best for them. Hitler spoke of greatness. He said he wanted