Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy Essay

1030 words - 4 pages

When discussing the adult learning theory, andragogy is the best model for higher learning in adult education. Andragogy comes from the Greek word aner which means man and agogus which means leading (Knowles, 1980). The full translation means learning of adults. Andragogy was first used in the 1800s by a German teacher named Alex Kapp (Wang, 2011). It would not be until the late 1960s that a professor by the name of Malcolm S. Knowles would introduce andragogy to North America in a published article. The article shows that andragogy gives adults control over their learning and takes them out of the traditional teacher directed learning (Knowles, 1980). This adult theory is supported in three ways starting with the differences between andragogy and traditional learning, why adults favor andragogy, and how the andragogy program works better for adult education.
The traditional learning theory in use today in our educational system is called pedragogy. The term has become known as child learning after translation. Upon the founding of adult learning, the traditional pedragogy model has been less beneficial than the Andragogy model. During the initial setup of the system around the 1920s, adult learners rejected the strategies of learning like a child (Knowles, 1980). The main problem is that the pedragogy model suppress the feeling of independence and control. Within the andragogy model adults gain independence and control over what they learn. Its is known that adults are responsible enough to manage their lives so they are more than capable of managing their education (Marriam, 2001). These differences have led to the idea of an educational system in which the students starts in the pedragogy model and move to the andragogy model when they reach adulthood. Once in this phase, the objective is to make use of previous knowledge and experiences and builds from that base (Wang, 2011).
It is this idea of an educational system that has adults favoring andragogy. Adults also favor this theory based on the five assumptions presented in adult learners as someone that 1) is independent and can manage their own learning, 2) has many life experiences to share with others, 3) has needs related to changing social roles, 4) is a problem solver and wants to apply any gained knowledge fast, 5) is internally motivated to learn (Merriam, 2001). These assumption show what a civilized adult represents and why andragogy is appealing. The adult learning theory’s mental aspect is another reason why it is favored. Psychological effects of an adult classroom climate make the learners feel a sense of acceptance, support, and respect (Knowles, 1980). The learners can learn in a less traditional climate and not have to worry about being contained like a child. Besides these two points, motivation also drives adults to set goals and to accomplish them. One of the main tenets of this theory is that learning is achieved through motivation (Pew, 2007). ...

Find Another Essay On Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy

How to Apply Malcolm Knowles' Theories in Training work

2462 words - 10 pages This essay is to consider and discuss how I might apply the theories of Malcolm Knowles, in my own current or future training work. The essay will include a brief biography on Malcolm Knowles, and his theory on adult education / learning andragogy, to include definitions of andragogy and pedagogy, which has been the mainstay of all education theory for hundreds of years. The main body of the essay will discuss and differentiate andragogy from

What is Andragogy Essay

1107 words - 5 pages Looking at the subject of Andragogy is truly a foreign subject to me prior to beginning my research for this course. Malcolm Knowles developed a theory that he called andragogy which states that adult learners learn differently than younger learners. In 1959 Malcolm S. Knowles joined the staff at Boston University as an associate professor of adult education. He spent 14 years there during which time he produced his key texts: The Modern

Education issues. Learning styles

1041 words - 4 pages continuing education. Learning and instruction theories are numerous and this highlights the fact that no theory fits all. Fry et al (1999) questions if theories of adult learning do exist but said they may influence learning in higher education, if only to cause teachers to re-examine their premises and adjust some of their views.There seems to be a difference between children and adult learners. Andragogy has been defined as the art and science of

Andragogy

1919 words - 8 pages Mergel, B. (1998, May). Instructional Design & Learning Theory. Retrieved from University of Saskatchewan: http://www.usask.ca/education/coursework/802papers/mergel/brenda.htm Smith, M. (2011, December 01). Andragogy. Retrieved from The Encyclopaedia of Informal Education: http://www.infed.org/lifelonglearning/b-andra.htm Smith, M. K. (2002). Malcolm Knowles, Informal Adult Education, Self-direction and Andragogy. Retrieved from The Encyclopedia of

Andragogy and Pedagogy

756 words - 4 pages teenagers lie? These questions and others are being explored by educators everywhere. With the increase in technical and computer based learning both in k-12 education and post-secondary education the lie between pedagogy and andragogy is narrowing. In, A Paradigm Shift: Teaching Adults As Children And Children As Adults, Earl Harewood describes adult educators, “They allow the adult learner to have more autonomy over the learning process

Adults and Children as Learners

2194 words - 9 pages debates—andragogy vs. pedagogy, teacher directed vs. learner centered—may mean that no single theory explains how adult learning differs from children's learning (Vaske 2001). As more is discovered about the ways in which we learn, the principles, practices, and philosophies of teaching and learning will continue to evolve. Appropriate ways of teaching begin with conceptions of learning: Is learning the acquisition of knowledge and skills

Adult Education and Adult Learning Analysis

1484 words - 6 pages .” These are seen as “pillars practices” as is stipulated in the writing of Drago-Severson (2008). Finally, I will seek to examine the kinds of experiences that can be transformed into learning. The term “Andragogy” is the theory of adult learning put forward by Malcom Knowles. This theory, is supported by theorists such as Tough, Merriam and Pratt where they emphasize that adults have a need of being “self –directed”. “Self –directing

The Meaning of the Word Andragogy

1629 words - 7 pages the material that is being taught. There needs to be an understanding between the teacher and student on what is expected in the classroom and how the learning objectives can be reached on a level that is understood, analyzed, and retained. The term andragogy looks at this and how adult are supposed to learn. Traditional Learning Context While attending Kent State University, all marketing managers had to take Economics I and II. The class was

Adult Development and Behavior

579 words - 2 pages . They need to be actively involved in determining how and what they will learn, and they need active rather than passive learning experiences. Many adults are stressed from their daily lives responsibilities when they arrive for class and need a style of teaching that is creative, alive and humorous to hold their attention.Knowles' theory (1984) of andragogy makes the following assumptions about the design of learning: (1) Adults need to know why

Contribution to the Evolution of Distance Education

1528 words - 6 pages : RoutledgeFalmer. Reischmann, J. (2000). Andragogy.net. Retrieved from http://www.uni-bamberg.de/fileadmin/andragogik/08/andragogik/andragogy/index.htm Reyes, J. A. (2013). Transactional Distance Theory. Distance Learning, 10(3), 43-50. Robertson, E. (2012). The History of Distance Learning and Online Education. Edudemic. Retrieved from http://www.edudemic.com/the-history-of-distance-learning-and-online-education/ Wengrowicz, N., & Offir, B. (2013

Adult Education Program Design

2934 words - 12 pages . The company customizes its learning programs to fit the specific training and development needs of their clientele. There are various theories, sets of assumptions, models, and explanations that make up the concept of adult learning. Alpha Consulting often utilizes Illeris’ Three Dimensional Learning, Knowles’s Andragogy, McClusky's Theory of Margin, Jarvis' Learning Process, Spears’ Model, Brockett and Hiemstra's Model, Garrison's Model, and

Similar Essays

Adult Learning Theory Essay

1693 words - 7 pages Malcolm Knowles who popularized its usage for English language readers” (Smith, 2002, para. 17). Contrasted with pedagogy, a science of educating children, andragogy is defined as “the art and science of helping adults learn” (Knowles, 1980, p. 43). Knowles made five assumptions about adult learner’s characteristics as following: ADULT LEARNING THEORY 5 Adult learner. [is]. someone who (1) has an independent self-concept and who can direct his

Applying Adult Learning Theory Essay

806 words - 3 pages well as the global community. Every student brings his/her past experiences to enhance their learning environment. Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, (2005) suggests that adult education is a new perspective and incentive of learning. Adult learners learn best when they are able to become creative and initiate methods and not in set authoritative structures of learning.   Character Analysis In the movie The Color Purple (Spielberg, 1985

Applying Adult Learning Theory Through Character Analysis

1330 words - 5 pages Abstract This assignment explores the learning theories of Mezirow and Bandura through the character analysis of Malcolm X, portrayed by actor Denzel Washington from the film “Malcolm X”. The focus is to examine the theoretical perspective of adult learning theories transformative learning and that of social learning and how they impact character learning and development. Applying Adult Learning Theory through A character Analysis The

Elsie Essay

613 words - 3 pages adapt principles of pedagogy, Andragogy, and heutagogy to create teaching methods and techniques to facilitate the “process of learning irrespective of the process of content.”These blended approaches could harness educators in institutions of higher education and adult learners to address the urgent needs and development in the 21st century. However while reading the article several questions arose when implementing the three theories that