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Advancements In Technology In The Allied Air Forces During World War Two

1039 words - 5 pages

Extended Essay
Throughout the 20th century, the Allied Air Forces during World War II experienced rapid advancements in technology, mainly with the immense amount of new aircrafts that were being made, as well as the new tactics used. This progress would greatly influence modern day as it pushed for the evolution of the air force, as it pushed the boundaries of what was possible. The Allied Air Forces consisted of the United States Army Air Forces, The Royal Air Force, and the Soviet Air Force, all of which increased in control and power as the war went on, resulting in the vast improvements of aviation,
Air power started to become one of the most prominent aspects of the war directly after Hitler launched his invasion of Poland in September of 1939. Before this, the United States Air Corps was only comprised of 20,000 personnel and less than 2,000 planes, afterwards the Department of War made the Army Air Forces. It greatly grew after Pearl Harbor when the United States was thrusted into war. With the aid of military leadership from General Henry Arnold, the Army Air Force created one of the largest air armadas and took control over the aviation industry boosting the innovations of the aircrafts that were being produced. At its very peak of the war, the AAF was able to increase its personnel to 2.4 million and was then comprised of over 80,000 aircrafts.
The Royal Air Force faced a similar fate as the United States in the fact that after World War I, it had demobilized, resulting in a semi weak air force. By the time of the outbreak of World War II rolled around, the Royal Aircraft consisted of a mere 2,000 aircrafts, but by the conclusion of the war, there were 963,000 personnel involved. The Royal Air Force would have its defining point when it was able to defeat the Germans at the Battle of Britain.
The Soviet Air Force was more prepared than the other Allied Air Forces due to the fact that Stalin had put a large commitment into aviation after the Nazis had come into power. At one point, the Voenno - Vozdushniye Sily (VVS) become the most powerful and largest air force in the world. However, Hitler would challenge this as he ordered for the construction of an air force. The Soviet Air Force became weakened in its status as Germany created the Luftwaffe, the aerial warfare addition to the German Wehrmacht. This was especially evident during the Operation Barbarossa in which the Soviet Air Force was destroyed within two days. In the end, more effective aircrafts were created in the rest of Europe and America due to the weakness of the Soviet’s industrial plants.
The main innovation that was most prevalent in World War II, was undoubtedly the aircrafts that were produced. The most prominent of these, were the bombers which were created in order to attack and destroy land targets with their bombs. Their invention caused the beginnings of bombing tactics which proved to be extremely vital in victory for either force since they...

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