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Advantages And Challenges Of Data Analysis And Collection Methods

2322 words - 9 pages

The following article tries to analyze and compare the research design, methods and the quantitative analysis used by two different papers. It tries to review the advantages and challenges of the methods used to collect and analyze the data.

Introduction of the papers
Ghoreishi F. S., Zahirrodine, A.R., Assarian, F., Gholam, S., Moosavi, A., & Mahrizi, M. Z. Z. (2014). Evaluation of Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfaction in Employees of Kashan Hospital.
The main objective of this research paper was to evaluate the degree of relationship between the emotional intelligence and the job satisfaction of the employees of three hospitals in Kashan in 2011. In consistent with its objective, the paper analyses the relationship between different sub-scales of the Emotional Intelligence (EI) like general mood, pressure coping, compatibility, interpersonal relationships and intrapersonal relationships with the job satisfaction level of the hospitals (Ghoreishi, F.S. et al.,2014).

It reviews the relationship of emotional intelligence and job satisfaction with demographic factors like age, sex, annual income, and employment status. Along with that it has listed many researches done which supports and contradicts its research findings.

Mostafai, A., Afshinfar, J., & Aminpoor, H. A comparison between stress and job satisfaction in nurses and employees. Annals of Biological Research, 2012, 3(6):2888-2892.
The research question of this paper was to find out whether or not there was any relationship between stress and job satisfaction from the view point of nurses and employees. Aligning with its research objective, it established the relationship between stresses, job satisfaction with demographic factors like sex/gender as well as relationship of stress with occupation.

Discussion
Both the research papers are related with analyzing and understanding the relationship of job satisfaction and emotional intelligence (stress included) among the employees (administrative personnel) and the nurses (non-administrated personnel).

Sampling
The paper done by Ghreishi F.S. et al.(2014) selected 121 employees as its research participants and performed a cross-sectional study on those staffs of three general hospitals in Kashan in 2010/11. Those participants were selected by using stratified random sampling method and randomized number tables.

The use of cross-sectional study helps to collect the data at a point of time without any manipulation of the study environment (Retrieved 5/2/2014). And this method has been used in most of the health related researches since it is cost effective, takes little of time, is easy to follow up and so forth. However, the most important limitation of this study is that it is just a “snapshot”. For the validity of this study, it is usually recommended that the sample represented the whole population, so that a proper generalization could be made.

Stratified random sampling is dividing the whole population into homogeneous...

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