The topic of this essay was inspired by Peter Stalker’s writing ‘Emigrants as heroes’. Furthermore, the issue brain drain resulting from sending skilled immigrants to developed nations as a result of benefit to themselves and their country. Hence the question, ‘Do they benefit the host country or their own country. This article by Stalker shows both sides of the argument referring the advantage and disadvantage of immigrants migrating to countries for better pay as well as life.
Migrants from developing nations such as Africa and Asia travel to the west in the hope that they will get a better life, better job and better prospect. They come however, in several different ways. One of them is when skilled individuals cross their border to the west. Hence, the term skilled migrants. In an article by Herbert, it is highlighted how this may be so. Herbert states that some developed nations such as United Kingdom have formed a way of gaining skilled migrants to their country through the process of a program known as Highly Skilled Migrant Program (Herbert 2005).
This program aims to give an opportunity of a life time for students as well as those that wish to extend their education level that is studying masters, PhD or doctorate degree. The benefit of this program is that these students will gain quality education and develop their existing knowledge. However, majority of graduates or skilled immigrants to the developed world such as United Kingdom and United States do not go back when they finish their studies. Hence, the consecutive increase of skilled migrants from developed nations in terms of job prospect will have an economic and social impact for the sending country. As this people will give their knowledge not to their country, that needs most but to another where they have been taught or worked. Therefore, agencies such as this play a major role in increasing the outflow of skilled laborers to the west.
On another perspective Boyle et al (1998) explains how large number of skilled employees enter the international labor market through three main ways. These include large industrial companies known as Multi national companies (MNCs) who work within the internal labor market (ILM) and aid the relocations of employees, starting from living locally and moving to other parts of the world as are result of utilizing their experience. Secondly, standard of economic growth increase in developing nations but lack of skilled people as they have migrated abroad. And finally international recruitment agencies employed by many developing countries recruiting employees with potential skills and sending them to countries are lacking these skills these laborers have.
Although it may seem advantageous for several reasons, either to the individual or their families it is obvious that their original country is losing out while the country they immigrate to is gaining from their experience and knowledge. One of the main impacts of skilled...