Adverse Effects Of Anesthetic Agents Essay

634 words - 3 pages

There are many potential adverse effects recorded with the use of anesthetic agents. Some of them are systemic, while others cause cutaneous manifestations. The first example demonstrating cutaneous involvement is in the use of Rocuronium bromide during the induction of anesthesia. Rocuronium bromide is a non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker used in conjunction with propofol during the induction of anesthesia. In the case described by Jeong et al., patient XX underwent induction and within 3 minutes developed hypotension, tachycardia along with angioedema around the eyelids with generalized rashes and urticaria. The patient was promptly treated with ephedrine and hydrocortisone with hydration. Anaphylaxis is a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction and its prevalence during general anesthesia varies from 1:4,500 to 1:20,000. The most common medications used during anesthesia that cause anaphylaxis are muscle relaxants (60%), latexes (20%), antibiotics (5).
Koo YH. and Dym H. present an another rare cutaneous side effect of local anesthesia. The patient described in the case report was admitted for a chief complaint of severe pain in the lower left jaw for three days. The patient had no medical history and no known diagnosed allergies. The patient was given a left inferior alveolar block with one carpule of 2% Lidocaine with epinephrine. After the procedure was finished, a 3-4 cm brown pigmented area was seen on the patients left chin. The case report describes the lesion as “leathery” and states there were no motor or sensory deficits. This case report was linked to 4 other similar case reports, with the difference being that the pigmented lesion in this case remained, as opposed to resolving in the other 4 cases. The patient in this study was scheduled to have removal of the hypertrophic, reactive area of scarring, however was lost to follow-up. It was suggested that the lesion described in this case was due to an allergic reaction of the Arthus type (type III...

Find Another Essay On Adverse Effects of Anesthetic Agents

The Adverse Effects of Oil Spills

1404 words - 6 pages Abstract: Oceanitis G.W’s main goal through this project is to open the eyes of our school, California, the United States, and the world, to the adverse effects of oil spills and a revolutionary way of cleaning them up. We plan on demonstrating the usefulness of hair and how it absorbs crude oil when haphazardly spilled. Also, we plan to demonstrate how hair can be used as a type of fertilizer before and after it has soaked up oil. This

The Adverse Effects of Video Games on the World's Youth

1442 words - 6 pages The Adverse Effects of Video Games on the World’s Youth Since the beginning of time, games have captivated human interest. In the last forty or so years, a new type of game has taken America by storm. Started by snatching quarters out of young boy’s pockets in arcades across the country, the addiction to video games began. The addiction has evolved to the point where it drastically affects brain activity and elicits non normal, potentially

What Is The Prevalence of The Adverse Effects of Oxygen Therapy Administered During Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?’

8048 words - 32 pages 'What Is The Prevalence of The Adverse Effects of Oxygen Therapy Administered During Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?' A Systematic Review of The Literature. LISE-ANNE JENNINGS Dissertation submitted for Master of Nursing Science, School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nottingham. I declare that this dissertation is my own work. Signed: Date: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I wish to thank Dr. Andy Meal for the

The Adverse Effects of Exploration

879 words - 4 pages When Christopher Columbus left Spain, the place was considered “land of violence, squalor, treachery, and intolerance.” The Spain of that day was so backwards that it was “no different from the rest of Europe.”The only thing that kept these cities from becoming ghost town was “in-migration.” The people would migrate into the city keeping the cities populated, but the diseases would kill the newcomers in a short period of time. The rich people of

The Adverse Effects of a Broken Family

1707 words - 7 pages child. Parents should be expected to provide for all these without a question, but this is not always administered and can lead to negative effects in the family and especially with the child. Consequences are generally cumulative. For example, poor nutrition has a negative consequence on the child’s physical and psychological developments, one of the most important for a young adult. Without these proper nutrients being available at critical

Possible Approaches to Minify Adverse Societal Effects of Elicit Drug Abuse

1762 words - 8 pages responsibility to eliminate or at worse minify the adverse effect of these practices on our world. Nigeria has had her fair share of the global drug related skirmishes and strife. Her society has not been spared of the socio-economic and health challenges resulting from drug issues and practices. As a country who is a top international player, we have complied with all United Nations conventions on drugs which are directed towards the criminalization of

Increase in Cancer Incidence

1488 words - 6 pages . The probable reason is inflammatory response associated angiogenesis and immunosuppression [2, 3]. Surgical stress response with raised catechoalamine levels and inflammatory mediators, bring about metabolic and hormonal changes which disturbes the homeostasis of body. As cellular immunity has a major impact on tumor genesis, factors affecting their function will definitely reflect in the natural history of tumor growth. Anesthetic agents and

What´s Dilated Cardiomyopathy?

1441 words - 6 pages . As anesthesia providers, it is important to have an understanding of the pathophysiology of DCM and its anesthetic implication. This topic will focus on anatomy and physiology of DCM, the effects it has on the anesthetic plan, and a review of current literature. Anatomy and Physiology Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy will often have normal thickness of the ventricles with an enlarged right, left, or both ventricular cavities. In the early

Prevention of Transmissible Infections in Preoperative Settings

1118 words - 4 pages intrapartum administration (National Guideline Clearinghouse, 2012). Anesthesia/sedation for surgery in breastfeeding mothers and the effects of the anesthesia in postpartum women rely on a number of factors like; the age of the baby, infant’s stability, the length of lactation, and the infant’s ability to clear small amounts of anesthetic medications. Most anesthetic agents have modest or no effect on older infants but could exhibit exaggerated problems

A brief description of cardiac myxomas and the anesthetic implications for anestesia providers. Some of the formatting of this paper has been lost....the superscripts for references lost their format

1973 words - 8 pages anxiety-induced tachycardia.23,26 The use of anti-cholinergics is somewhat controversial due to the potential for adverse increases in heart rate. If an anti-cholinergic must be given, glycopyrrolate has less chronotropic effects as compared to atropine and should be the drug of choice.23 For induction, etomidate causes the least cardiovascular depression.24 Propofol should be avoided as it can cause a dramatic decrease in blood pressure by

Anesthesia

1249 words - 5 pages surgeon through procedures. However, anesthesia is used in different ways based on the magnitude of the procedure. There are three levels of anesthesia which include; local, regional, and general anesthesia. An anesthesiologist determines which type of anesthesia will be needed. Local anesthesia is used for minor procedures and is the safest of the three types of anesthesia. [1] The main objective of this anesthetic is to block pain in a small

Similar Essays

Adverse Health Effects Of Adolescent Pregnancy

1806 words - 8 pages youth younger than 14 years older become pregnant in America. Of the 1% of girls who do become pregnant, the adverse effects that would apply to adolescents 15-19 are amplified. A pregnancy at such a young age has more negative physical and metal effects on the mother because the mother is not fully developed mentally or physically. American teen mothers are often minority youth of African or Hispanic background who account for 57% of all teen

The Adverse Effects Of Exposure To Benzene

1590 words - 6 pages causal relationship between occupational exposure to benzene that lead to aplastic anemia. Lan et al. [7] reported that bone marrow toxicity was detected from a group of workers after several months of exposure to benzene in air level at or below 1 ppm. Hence, local PEL setting should be amended to TLV-TWA of 0.5 ppm recommended by ACGIH to minimise the potential of adverse health effects posed by occupational exposure. Alternatively, the

The Adverse Effects Of "Anti Social" Media

737 words - 3 pages . These users’ ages range anywhere from eight to eighteen. This staggeringly steep number is nearly how long kids spend at school everyday, and roughly matches the number of hours spent sleeping each night. Children are being introduced to a vast variety of technologies, like the television and internet, at a startlingly young age. It is crucial for the parent(s) of children to evaluate the adverse effects such exposure may have on their kids, such

The Adverse Effects Of Consuming Artificial Sweetners

1220 words - 5 pages will discuss the adverse affects of consuming artificial sweeteners and the effects they have on a person’s body. First, we have hydroortho-sulfa mine benzoic acid, also known as saccharin. With a name like that, its no wonder we refer to it as saccharin or that little pink packet. The molecular formula of saccharin is C7H5NO3S. Saccharin was first discovered in 1878 by a chemist named Constatin Fahlberg. He discovered saccharin when he didn’t