Aerobic Fitness Assessment
This study will involve an offseason basketball-training program. The study will consists of male varsity basketball members ranging in age from 17 to 19. These 24 team members will be juniors and seniors at the local high school, and they will have been active members of the basketball program since their ninth grade year. The head and assistant basketball coaches along with the athletic trainer will be responsible for this study and will use the basketball gymnasium and school training room. The team members will go through a range of tests including, body composition, flexibility, physical activity, psychological, muscular endurance and aerobic fitness. These tests compared to nationwide norms will provide benchmarks and goals for each athlete, enabling them to improve their skills and overall game.
According to researchers, Mačković, Pojskić, and & Užičanin (2012), basketball is a strenuous game and “players spend 75% of playing time with a heart rate greater than 85% of its maximum value. Thus, in order to play successfully, basketball payers must be physical well prepared” (p. 33). To measure the aerobic fitness of the basketball players, the test to be performed for this assessment will be the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER). The PACER test can determine a player’s aerobic fitness level with the use of a 20-meter shuttle. Researchers, Mackovi , Pojskic, and Uzicanin used this test with a group of thirty-four basketball players between the ages of 15 and 28. Thus, the shuttle test will be an appropriate measure of aerobic fitness of the high school basketball players.
The flat surface of the boys’ high school gymnasium will be used to conduct the 20-meter shuttle test. Additionally, maker cones, measuring tape, and colored adhesive marker tape, a CD player, FITNESSGRAM 20-Meter PACER Test CD, and loud speakers will be needed to administer the test. Each player will also be given a pencil and paper to record their number of laps (The PACER).
The 20-meter shuttle run will be performed in the boys’ high school basketball gym, where the floor is flat and not slippery. A measurement of 20 meters (21-yards, 32-inches) will be marked on the floor using a bright tape and marker cones will be set at the beginning and end of the course (The PACER). A CD and audio recording of the PACER test will be provided. Team players will also need pencil and score sheet to record their scores. Before the test begins, basketball players will be introduced to the test; and, the recording on the CD will be played to acquaint them with the testing procedure. Additionally, each player will have two practice sessions leading up to the day of the test. It is worthwhile to conduct these practice tests so that the students will feel comfortable with the process, and there will be less confusion on the day of the test. After instructions and a warm-up, each...