Affects Of Mentally Disabled Kids To The Family And Siblings

1752 words - 8 pages

It is very common for people to underestimate the importance of the developmental milestones that a human being completes throughout a lifespan. The way a newborn is looked after in it’s mothers womb, followed by its birthing and by the taking care processes during its first few years of life, determines the way a child will be able to achieve and complete the so called developmental milestones, also known as the stages of development. Anything varying from an accidental teratogen intake or several prolonged extra minutes, or even just seconds, without oxygen during birth, can cause life long developmental damages, including both cognitive and/or physical. How do parents of children afflicted with these disabilities work through the growth and development of their child, knowing that their life, both the parents and the kids’, will forever be impacted by such a seemingly small and insignificant event? How do the second-born children learn to interact, and in a way accept and look past the differences of their siblings? This paper will focus on discussing the effects that children with mental retardation and learning disabilities have on their family’s adaption to their unique approach at the developmental stages. Those above are both questions that will be considered throughout this paper via the aid of personal anecdotes from my family and individual experiences with my brother, and several other papers that reported the results from different related studies.
The disabilities that were introduced above are somewhat similar but yet very different inabilities that are definitely worth defining. The various studies focused on individuals with both learning and mental disabilities. A learning disability is typically a condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the level expected of those of the same age. It typically affects the brain’s ability to receive, process, store and respond to and communicate information. Examples of learning disabilities include, ADHD, dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia, auditory processing disorder and visual processing disorder. The term mental disability encompasses intellectual disorders and mental retardation, which both refer to a generalized disorder that typically arises before adulthood and is characterized by significant impairments including cognitive and adaptive. One of the examples that will be brought up, if not the main focus of the paper are going to be the characteristics of my older brother. My older brother was diagnosed with mental retardation from birth. He was found to be in a breech presentation during delivery, and the pediatrician thought it wouldn’t have been a problem to continue the delivery naturally without flipping him over. This judgment call cost my brother several minutes in my mother’s womb without oxygen, causing him to have lifelong developmental impairments due to his mental disability. He is now 32 and doing just fine, regardless of his...

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