Affirmative action, reverse discrimination, positive discrimination, and employment equality; these are all forms of discrimination, though not quite as distinguishable as typical types of discrimination. Many questions can be raised by affirmative action; what impact does human nature have on the use of affirmative action? How is affirmative action viewed in the United Kingdom vs. the US? What is the history of affirmative action in America? What is the impact of affirmative action in international relations? Let’s look strictly at the UK vs. the US where Affirmative action can happen in a multitude of places; such as employment and education.
First off, what are the benefits to having affirmative action? When UC Berkeley, UCLA, and Rice University all dropped their affinitive action policies, the minority admissions fell up to 61 percent. This is a surprisingly large number of students that fail to be admitted every year. The world operates on a global playground; students must be surrounded by a diverse student body to be able to play well with others in this new international economy. Also many of the graduates that benefited from affirmative action programs would tell you that they have better jobs, higher pay, and overall better lives because of the advantage they were given. (Messerli)
After reading the last paragraph many people would wonder what could possibly be bad about affirmative action. The main concern most individuals have is that this is reverse discrimination; just like discrimination towards minorities from long ago but now turned back at the majority. A study by the Hoover Institution also has shown that affirmative action programs assists middle and upper class minorities, instead of the lower class that it was intended to reach. Another belief is that if the standards are lowered for a minority, then that minority will only meet these lowered standards. (Messerli) I know from high school that any student will only want to meet the minimum goal for something regardless of race, age, or sex. To address the graduates that benefited, wouldn’t any student get better jobs, better pay, and a better life if they were given an advantage over the rest of the student body?
Now imagine there are two people that have grown up in the same neighborhood, gone to the same school and received roughly the same grades; one is African American and the other is Caucasian. Now let’s put those two up for the same job in American and the UK. In America it would be more of a tossup. Affirmative action has been on a decline since 1998 (Ngram), this may be caused by a multitude of factors discussed later. I believe, from a view of a student that has had a job from the age of sixteen that employers may lean towards the one that is better prepared and appears more professional. Having tons of people come and bring in applications, it becomes clear to see on whom will get a job. Typically it will be the one who is dressed up,...