Affirmative Action Essay

2183 words - 9 pages

Since the election of President Barack Obama, many people have adopted the idea that the nation has progressed and there are even some people who trust that it is now time to halt school, housing, and employment affirmative action policies. Sadly though, many people are unaware of the fact that there has been an upsurge in hate crimes and racial profiling. Because of this, there is a chasm between black and white success in schools, career prospects, housing, and quality of health care (Sadler 1140-1141). But in recent years, affirmative action has been questioned. Michigan, Washington, California and Florida have outlawed affirmative action policies, and Colorado and Nebraska have pushed for anti-affirmative efforts (Sadler 1156).
Affirmative action policies within Universities initially became a controversial issue when a white male was rejected from a medical school program which was primarily aimed towards minorities. This particular court case, Regents of University of California v. Bakke 1978, went to the Supreme Court and marked the beginning of several upcoming disputes regarding affirmative action policies within the school system. The court supported the University, because the University desired a diverse student population, meaning no true favoritism was taking part. Though the court did not concentrate on the core concern (race), the case only helped arrange the platform for future proceedings regarding affirmative action (Russo 263-264).
Once affirmative action policies were implemented, “virtually every institution in American life, including colleges and universities, came under pressure, legal and political, to take ‘affirmative’ steps to address the impact of the continuing effects of social discrimination” (Elliott 542). Between 1994 and 2008, one Black male undergraduate was accompanied by an increase of five White male students. Also, most Black men concentrate themselves in less particular state institutions, community colleges, and of course, historically Black Colleges and Universities, which unsurprisingly correlates with income and among these schools, funding is relatively lower than other institutions (Harper 45). Evidently, it is in the best interest of policy makers and Universities to ponder ways to enrich diversity and exemplify a sense of equality; however, certain techniques that attempt to establish these characteristics are continually debated, such as affirmative action. Some people believe that diversity is nearly the same as a quota, and that “the fact is that it’s hard to see any practical difference between ‘diversity’ in practice and patently illegal race norming—putting minorities in a separate pool, judging them only against other members of the pool, and accepting a certain (even if indeterminate) number of them” (Clegg 379). Besides, one study conducted by the Inside HigherEd foundation, discovered that although it has been outlawed sine the 1978 Bakke decision, it is still “quite common at elite,...

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