Nowadays, education is an important factor in our society. When society started educating themselves, knowledge was passed generation through generation. In past centuries, education was only available for certain groups of people like upper-classmen and clergymen. As time went by, education became more accessible to others, but discrimination existed and many minorities weren’t able to receive the education they deserved. Although there’s still some discrimination present in our society, education is now available to most people. A way in which it is assured that discrimination isn’t present in universities during the application process is by regulating the percentage of students that can get into the university according to their ethnicity. By doing so, the universities grant that their decisions weren’t biased according to ethnicity, they create a more diverse ambient for students and motivate spreading of knowledge, regarding ethnicity.
Universities have their own admissions policies, and they are free to change them any time they decide to do so. One of these policies is the percentages of ethnicities that they accept into the university. This policy wasn’t necessary a few decades back but some legal battle have forced universities into creating it. An example of it is the 1978 case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. The instance that led to a legal battle was the fact that a student of Caucasian descent was rejected twice from the UC Davis School of Medicine in spite of having better test scores than many students that were admitted. Twenty-four years later, Hopwood v. Texas occurred, where four white students were denied admission to University of Texas Law School over students that were not as qualified as they were. The reason why this happened is because the admissions decision was inclined in favor of minorities without as much competence. Other cases include Farmer v. Ramsay and Grutter v. Bollinger.
All of cases previously mentioned deal with the affirmative action admission policy of the universities. According to Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, affirmative action is “the practice of improving the educational and job opportunities of members of groups that have not been treated fairly in the past because of their race, sex, etc.” An ongoing and controversial case is the Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin. In this case, Abigail Fisher of Caucasian descent was rejected from the University of Texas at Austin and she “filed suit against UT for discrimination on the basis of race” (Searles). The claims that she was rejected because of her race. In June 2014, the court ruled in favor of the University of Texas at Austin. Still, the case is currently still under review since the decision was appealed by Abigail Fisher.
Many arguments in favor of affirmative action were discussed during the trial, as well as arguments against it. A very important factor when considering affirmative action is the fact that educational...