The exercise of affirmative action has recently been at the vanguard of acrimonious debate since its origins. Affirmative action is a policy that serves to rectify the effects of alleged societal discrimination by allocating educational admissions and various other opportunities to minorities and women. The controversies affected by affirmative action are radical; from the development to the present people have adamant opinions on this subject. A plethora of programs, quotas, and projects promote the progression of diversity within their campus, which aspires to break down the wall of segregation that precluded racial minorities and women from obtaining an education.
The history of affirmative action in United States law or policy appeared in the 1960s initiated by John F. Kennedy. The litigation of the influential case Brown V. Board of Education evoked desegregation. The Supreme Court’s verdict in Brown V. Board of Education authorized the elimination of racial segregation in lower education to abate the inequalities in education (Katel). This verdict set precedent for impending litigations; this was the introduction of integration of minorities. The commencement of the 1960s was the pinnacle of progression of diversity in education.
“As part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Congress included provisions in
Title 4 to authorize the justice Department to initiate racial-desegregation lawsuits against public schools and colleges and to require the U.S. Department of Education to give technical assistance to school systems undergoing desegregation.” (Katel)
The initiation of the this policy evolved the policy that which higher education employed, creating mandated desegregation of public elementary, secondary, and postsecondary institutions by providing incentives to schools that sustained the policy. Executive orders and the propagations of government agency advocated the slogan “all men are created equal”; affirmative action policy has primarily emerged from the inevitable tragedies in the previous centuries.
Those individuals opposed to affirmative action in education claims that affirmative action produces reverse discrimination. Reverse discrimination is the product from favoritism of another race. “One cannot prefer on the basis of race without discriminating against others on the basis of race” (Jost). During the admissions process minorities proclaim they aren’t fully represented, but with affirmative action there is a beacon of hope for them, but the opportunity cost is the discrimination of the more qualified. Another argument the opposition indicate is how ineffective diversity on the campus really is. “So far, the American Council on Education/Higher Education Research Institute database has...