Affirmative Action Essay

2145 words - 9 pages

As the Civil Rights Movement rolled through the culture and society in the United States during the middle of the 20th Century, equality and equal rights continuously shocked the fabric of our culture. The United States was founded upon basic human values with the impression that the culture as a whole would forever be positioned for equality and upholds a basic level of beliefs that everyman was created equally. Unfortunately, the past few centuries have been unable to uphold this basic principle. As the Civil Rights Movement called for reform, the government suggested a new ideal understood as Affirmative Action. The belief behind Affirmative Action was to promote and ensure equal rights ...view middle of the document...

As the United States continuously developed as well as the implementation of imperialism on a global scale became more apparent, the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade entered the United States furthering the ethnic divide and igniting blatant racism among the society. As the nation quickly acted to become more civilized and equal to all with the creation of the 13th Amendment in 1865 to abolish slavery, many minorities continuously felt the true oppression of racism even after so many attempts to bring the people together in the name of equality. Over the next one hundred years, minorities in the United States continued to fight a relentless battle against the subjugation generated by racism. It is not until the breakthrough of the Civil Rights Movement that eventually led to the beginning of a new era of ‘equality’ to the minority population, specifically the African American populace.
As the 1950’s arose, large-scale segregation was still a predominant factor in the United States between the Caucasian and African American ethnicities. In 1954, the Supreme Court struck down segregation in schools, ruling it unconstitutional. This was the beginning of the end for officially recognized segregation in large parts of the country. Discrimination continued to rein strongly in the South as many African Americans were either dejected or severely prohibited from voting. In the year 1961, John F. Kennedy was the first to actually state the term affirmative action, which prohibited governmental apparatuses from discriminating others based off of an individual’s race. To challenge these discriminatory actions that still afflicted much of the nation, Congress between 1964 and 1968-implemented legislative that banned discrimination in employment, housing, accommodations for the public, and instilled ensured voting rights for all African Americans. This legislative is known as the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Although this act increased the general state of equality, several deterring factors still limited the overall potential success of this equality-based act such as, seniority and status within the employment sector. On September 24, 1965, Lyndon B. Johnson generated the Executive Order #11246 in order “…to take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed… regardless of their race, creed, color, or national origin.” In part to this Executive Order, all employers were required to produce a minimum-hiring objective based solely off of race to add higher levels of diversity in the workplace. This required minimum soon led to many organizations becoming increasingly compelled to accept more minorities than their Caucasian counterparts within higher educational and job opportunities. In an attempt to eliminate judgment within all aspects of the modern society, the government actually created a state in which society is attempting to forgive past discrimination acts with more discrimination.
It is apparent that affirmative action was implemented,...

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