This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Affirmative Action Essay

2229 words - 9 pages

Affirmative action is not something new. ; Breaking breaking down the barriers that prevented individuals from having equal opportunities was and still remains the purpose of affirmative action. The programs were designed to open up opportunities in education and employment – to balance the playing field. President Lyndon Johnson expressed his beliefs in 1965, "You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him [or her], bring him [or her] up to the starting line of a race and then say you are free to compete with all the others, and still just believe that you have been completely fair" (The Leadership Conference, 2014). One might argue that discrimination ...view middle of the document...

Prior to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 there werewas other pre-affirmation legislation which focused on race. The 1864 and 1865, Freedman’s Bureau Bills were designed to aid the newly freed slaves in transitioning from slavery into freedom (Brody, n.d.). The fourteenth amendment clause for equal protection was monumental in shaping the affirmative action plans . In 1941, Executive Order 8802 was signed by President Franklin Roosevelt to ensure federal contractors or defense companies in their hiring or training were not using discriminatory practices. In 1948, Truman signed the Executive Order 9981 that mandated the military provide equal opportunities to all regardless of race (Nittle, 2014). More recently there was the Executive Order 10925, signed my by President John F. Kennedy in 1961, which ensured that federally funded projects took affirmative action with applicants and employees without regard to race, color, religious affiliation, gender, or ethnicity (The Leadership Conference, 2014).
In “Men are from Earth, and so are women the focus if on the differences between genders. It’s faulty research that sets them apart” by Rosalind C. Barnett and Caryl Rivers aide one in understanding the differences between the genders so one might better understand the importance and need for affirmative action today and tomorrow . According to a study by Alice Eagly and Wendy Wood, both, suggest that gender equality has increased. They note this is partly the result of a women having access to their own resources. The data they report found that girls and boys were virtually identical in regards to self-esteem scores, even within math scores there were no differences . As presented by Barnett and Rivers, professors continue to instruct on the inequalities of men and women. Expressing and reinforcing the thought that men lack empathy and women are not suited for positions of leadership, competition, or technical professions (Barnett & Rivers, 2004). This sentiment resonates through the story written by Virginia Woolf describing “Shakespeare’s sister” and the speech “AintAunt I a Woman,” by Frances Dana Gage.
The sentiments of how discrimination prior to affirmative action has affected women are easier for some to connect with today, rather than focusing solely on how this policy influenced the African American or slaves. Sojourner Truth in “Ain't I a Woman?” presents an image of a female ex-slave from a speech by Frances Dana Gage at a Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio in 1851 . Gage while addressing those in attendance at the conference said, “I could work as much and eat as much as a man. . . he say women can’t have as much rights as men”(Gage, 1863). This sentiment followed through the decades until affirmative action changed how, not only womean, but also slaves or people of color were provided equal opportunities, along with other ethnic minorities.
It would be difficult to find a woman who cannot relate or at least sympathize with...

Find Another Essay On Affirmative Action

affirmative action Essay

1330 words - 6 pages Perhaps one of the most divisive issues in the United States is race. While most Americans would rather not talk about it, there are still issues surrounding race that will strike the interest of most citizens. This is perhaps nowhere more true than the debate over affirmative action. Although the United States has made great strides in improving race relations over the past forty years, affirmative action continues to be one of the most

Affirmative action Essay

1155 words - 5 pages Personal StatementOne area of our winter class study that really interested me was affirmative action. As a woman from a minority background affirmative action is a factor that impacts and affects my life, and therefore is the area I would like to examine for my final paper. I will, or at least plan on focusing on race based and gender based affirmative action. I would also like to include recent studies specifically about race-based affirmative

Affirmative action

1191 words - 5 pages Affirmative action is thought of by a number of people to be part of Title VII. Although Title VII has affirmative action as part of the statutory resolutions, affirmative action is actually a requirement imposed by Executive Order . The Executive Order was endorsed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 25, 1941. The order only applied to defense contracts. This order went through many changes before President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the

Affirmative Action

1389 words - 6 pages Affirmative Action has been an issue of contention since its inception during the Civil Rights struggles of mid 20th century America. Discrimination could no longer be tolerated and the Unites States government had an obligation to encourage equality at all levels of the social infrastructure. The main type of discrimination being addressed by Affirmative Action programs was racial discrimination. The Merriam Webster dictionary defines racism as

Affirmative Action

3995 words - 16 pages Though Affirmative Action is a current controversial issue, it is far from new; its decree has been long in the making. Perhaps it originates from amendments 13-15, the series of amendments that outlawed slavery, guaranteed equal protection under the law, and forbid racial discrimination when voting, respectively (Sykes 1). The Supreme Court’s decision in 1896, in the case of Plessy V. Ferguson, mandated separate but equal treatment

Affirmative Action

2267 words - 9 pages What is resisted more by white males then by women and minorities because it is perceived to work against their own self-interest? Affirmative Action. The history of affirmative action has its roots in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act provided the initial legal basis for affirmative action for women and minorities in the workplace. Affirmative action is an intervention that is aimed at giving management a chance to

Affirmative Action

1568 words - 6 pages Affirmative Action Affirmative action is one of the more recent and popular civil rights policies that affect today's society. Affirmative action can be described as nothing more than a lower educational standard for minorities. It has become quite clear that affirmative action is unfair and unjust. However, in order to blend race, culture, and genders to create a stable and diverse society, someone has to give. How can this be justified

Affirmative Action

2428 words - 10 pages Affirmative Action or Affirmative DiscriminationAffirmative action refers to an attempt at equality in the society. It claims that each person receive equal opportunities in the classroom as well as the work force. Not only would this would be subjected to minorities but to women as well. Every sector in America should be equal and unprejudiced - or so proponents say. However, adopting affirmative action would force many employers to replace

Affirmative Action

937 words - 4 pages Introduction Affirmative Action began in 1965 when President Johnson signed the Executive Order 11246 in to law. The Executive Order prevents federal contractors from discriminating against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The phrase “affirmative action” was first coined, when federal contractors were required to take affirmative action to ensure that applicants were not

Affirmative Action - 518 words

518 words - 2 pages Pros on Affirmative Action Affirmative action refers to a variety of programs and policies that are race, gender, national origin, and ethnicity conscious. Such programs are targeting women and minorities that had suffered discrimination in the past. History tells us that women and minorities suffered severe discriminations until the middle of 20th century. Women and minorities were treated as inferiors and subordinate status. According to

affirmative action

1451 words - 6 pages Affirmative action is a policy to support equivalent opportunity and to level the playing field for groups of people who have been and are differentiated against. Affirmative action is an act taken by an association to decide on the base of gender, race, or ethnicity by giving owed preferences to minorities like women and races being not sufficiently represented below the existing employment. To make the staging of all these compositions

Similar Essays

Affirmative Action Essay 772 Words

772 words - 3 pages Affirmative action- a plan to offset past discrimination in employing or educating women, blacks etc. (Websters New World Dictionary.)      The history of affirmative action has its roots in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and stems from the United States Supreme case of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas. In 1965, President Linden B. Johnson issued Executive Order #11246 at Howard University that required

Affirmative Action Essay 884 Words

884 words - 4 pages "Affirmative action means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded (Fullinwider, R., 2005)." A plan was developed to ensure that women and minorities received the same opportunities as whites in education, employment, and contracts, which is called affirmative action. Executive Order (E.O.) 11246 mandated Affirmative

Affirmative Action Essay 946 Words

946 words - 4 pages Two hundred years ago in America, being born of a certain race or gender predetermined one’s opportunities in life. African Americans were subjected to slavery and discrimination and women had very little liberty. In the present, the United States is much closer to equality, yet gender and race still play a role in life’s opportunities given the high frequency of affirmative action programs; they attempt to increase the representation of

Affirmative Action Essay 1218 Words

1218 words - 5 pages Affirmative ActionAffirmative action has been the subject of increasing debate and tension in our society. Affirmative action has divided political parties, communities and campuses across the nation. The basis behind affirmative action is that because of past discrimination and oppression, such as the unequal treatment of women, and the enslavement of African Americans, minorities and women have difficulty competing with their white male