Affirmative Action Based On Race? Essay

1402 words - 6 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed

Five seniors have started their applications for college. One is black, one is Hispanic, one is Asian and two of them are white. All of them apply to the University of Michigan, a prestigious school. All of their letters come in on the same day, while sweat trickles down their faces and their hearts quicken. This is their top choice school and they worked hard to try and get in. They knew full well that it could be rejection or acceptance and that it could either make their dreams or break them. They begin to tear open the letter and there it is. The word sorry is the first thing the two white students see. Tears streamed down their face, not understanding how they could be rejected, especially since their SAT scores were in the 2100s. On the other hand, the Black, Hispanic and Asian students saw the word acceptance instead. A smile broke out on their faces, knowing they worked hard for this chance. However, both the black and Hispanic students got a 1900 on their SAT’s so how is it possible that they were accepted? Does it have anything to do with race? The only way to find out is to look deeper into affirmative action.
Affirmative action is based on the representation of women and minority groups in a workplace or school. This idea was created to bring more diversity in America and try to control racism amongst the different groups in the states. However, it has started to become a problem in the educational system rather than the workplace. In college, the affirmative action law is used most of the time for accepting students. Affirmative action is supposed to help the minority students, particularly African-Americans, in having the chance to get a better education. It helps colleges decide on who to admit in their school based on socio economics, but this has only caused more problems in the system and it all began with the Civil Rights Acts of 1964.
Pursuing this even further, the Civil rights Acts of 1964 makes it illegal for any programs receiving federal financial assistance to discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion or sex (Cohen). This was the beginning of the affirmative action giving more opportunities for minorities. However, it could not solve all the problems of discrimination in schools. In 2003, there was a loophole in the affirmative action law. A young woman named Barbara Gutter applied to the University of Michigan’s Law school and was rejected. Barbara claims this was because she was Caucasian. This sounds out of line, but in a way she might be right. Michigan’s Law school did seek to admit underrepresented minority students because they believed that having a diverse student body would positively affect the school and the law profession. Barbara decided to take this to the Supreme Court but she lost the case and affirmative action continued to remain (Cohen). However, there have been many cases since then.
For example, in 2008, another young woman named Abigail Fisher felt she was in the same...

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