1. What is Affirmative Action?
Affirmative action is an act that goes beyond getting rid of discriminatory actions and moves towards correcting past or present discriminations and preventing it in the future. This can be seen mostly through employment and education (Rubio, 2001).
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one of the key acts in moving towards equality and affirmative action. Under The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was Title VII. Title VII, “prohibits discrimination in employment (including hiring, promotion, salaries, fringe benefits, training, and all other conditions of employment) on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex (Squires, 1977).” Title IX of the ...view middle of the document...
Under the federal government, not all companies have to apply an affirmative action program. All organizations are required to comply with Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, stated earlier. The only companies that are required to comply with an affirmative action program are companies that are doing business with the federal government. Affirmative action plans are required under Executive Order 11246 of all contractors with contracts of $50,000 or more with 50+ employees. If the contracts are over $1,000,000 then pre-award reviews of their affirmative action plans are required. The program implemented should include the recruitment and hiring of minorities and women. Courts may require certain companies to adopt an affirmative action plan but only as a fix for discrimination under Title VII (Squires, 1977).
2. Opinion on Affirmative Action
President Lyndon Johnson once said, “You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say, ‘you are free to compete with all of the others’ and still justly believe that you have been completely fair.” I completely agree with this quote, which is why I am for affirmative action. Affirmative action was put in place to compensate the many victims of discrimination and slavery. The typical white male has had so many more advantages in the past and now that minorities have not because of all of the discrimination. We need to have affirmative action to equal the playing field that was so unequal in the past. That is why we have affirmative action in place for things like education and employment.
Critics of affirmative action believe that for colleges it is just an admission policy, but it’s much more than that, it’s a process. Affirmative action makes sure that colleges reach out to the underrepresented groups of people and urge them to apply. Colleges often times offer financial support for underrepresented students that help them succeed...