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Affirmative Action. Which Employers Are Subject To Affirmative Action. Compliance Procedures

1087 words - 4 pages

Affirmative action has been arguably the most widely debated and controversial topic in this country for decades. Affirmative action is defined as the intentional inclusion of women and minorities in the workplace after demonstrated underrepresentation of these disadvantaged groups (Bennett & Hartman, 2007, p. 181). Opponents of affirmative action argue that it gives the protected groups an unfair advantage and allows less qualified applicants to get gain employment. In reality, as written in Executive Orders and court interpretation, anyone who benefits from affirmative action must have relevant educational or job qualifications. Proponents of affirmative action on the other hand argue that the protected groups were disadvantaged for such an extended period of time that even more needs to be done in order to achieve true equality in the workplace.A direct outgrowth of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, affirmative action was intended to be remedy for past injustices. Though more Caucasian women have been the beneficiaries of affirmative action than any other protected group, many still view it as a racial issue. Affirmative action in fact, cannot begin to address the issue of racial inequality. The action only seeks equal representation in employment and education for the protected classes. Even though affirmative action has been in existence for more than 40 years, the workplace is still dominated by white males. Though women are estimated to make up 47% of the U.S. workforce, the median income for women is almost 50% less than that of their male counterparts. Only 12% of the corporate officers in the 500 largest US companies are women. The statistics for minorities are even more discouraging. Many contend that affirmative action brings about reverse discrimination. Affirmative action effectively widens the employment landscape and allows diverse innovative problem solving modalities that enrich both organizations and society.Affirmative action plans can result from voluntary decisions by employers or in response to requirements for being a government contractor or subcontractor. This paper will explain affirmative action, the employers that are subjected to affirmative action plans and why, what the plans require employers to do and the consequences of failing to meet the goals of the affirmative action plan.Affirmative is an orchestrated attempt to maintain a diverse workforce. Executive Order 11246 mandates that employers with 50 or more employees who have federal non-construction contracts or subcontracts of $50,000 or more must formulate a written affirmative action plan within 120 days of the commencement of the contract (N.A., 2001).The plan must outline the employer's current workforce by race and sex. Statistical analysis depicting whether or not females and minorities are under-represented must be included in the plan. The employer is responsible to show whether or not the percentage of minorities and females is lower than that of the...

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