What if you risked being assaulted every time you left your home? How would you feel if your husband was in control of every aspect of your life? Afghanistan women encounter both of these circumstances on a day-to-day basis. Many are faced with physical and emotional abuse by their husbands and families. Women’s rights in Afghanistan were majorly affected by the rule of the Taliban, a government group who stripped women of their human rights, established discriminating laws, and whose legacy still affects Afghan women today.
The Taliban, a forceful political association against women’s rights, ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 (Hayes, Brunner, and Rowen). Predominantly, they believe in the religion of Islam, as do most Afghans, and that males are the dominant gender (Hayes, Brunner, and Rowen). They controlled Afghanistan under their “version” of the Islamic laws which many others did not agree with (Campaign for Afghan Women and Girls). The Taliban is composed of Afghan men of various ages who did not grow up in Afghanistan, therefore know little about their country’s culture (Campaign for Afghan Women and Girls). The leader of the Taliban from 1994 to 2001 was Mohammed Omar, a religious leader that, over time, gained more and more followers (Bellamy). Eventually he ousted the Afghanistan government and gained control of the country (Bellamy). The Taliban only ruled for five years, but what they did has left a scarring mark on the country of Afghanistan.
During their time of rule, the Taliban issued a number of laws that restrained Afghan people from living a desirable life. For example, neither women nor men could watch television, use the internet, read books (unless they contain religious content), or have pictures of women in their possession (Bellamy). Some laws were not only unfair, but completely irrational. Women or girls could not attend school, work, or go to the market without putting themselves at risk (Bellamy). If they needed to leave their home, a female had to be accompanied by a close male relative to provide protection for her (Bellamy). In Afghanistan, a National pastime was flying kites; because of the Taliban’s laws, kite flying was forbidden. (Bellamy). Women were banned from wearing anything revealing (Bellamy). As an alternative, they had to wear a Burka, a full body covering only showing their eyes. (Bellamy). Men also had complete control over their wives. They had consent from Mohammed Omar himself, to abuse their wives physically, emotionally, and sexually. The Taliban’s laws affected all of Afghanistan, although primarily women.
Even though the Taliban is not in control of Afghanistan today, women still face difficulties because of them. In Afghanistan society, women continue risking being “flogged” if seen walking unaccompanied by a male relative (“Why Do We Work in Afghanistan?"...