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Afghanistan Election Essay

1612 words - 7 pages

Afghanistan is traditional society that has multi ethnic deviations, different languages, and customs. That ruled by deferent governments such as: dictatorship, aristocrats, and autonomous rulers. Before democratic era Taliban govern Afghanistan, The Taliban are “freedom fighters” that during civil war in Afghanistan they came to power which ruled Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001it was an Islamic knowledge Movement. Taliban first emerged in south and southeast provinces then they were able to control over 90% of Afghanistan territory with military and financial support from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. Taliban also known as Mujahideen or religious students which formed during the Soviet Union occupation of Afghanistan but after withdrawal of Soviet Union they govern Kabul and other provinces by an interim presidency of Burhanudin Rabani. The Taliban lead by Mullah Muhammad Omar, they want to form an Islamic Emirates in Afghanistan by interpretation of sharia and Islamic law also, they make coalition with al Qaeda. But The Taliban overthrew from power in December 2001 by Afghan and U.S. troops because of a terrorist attack by unknown hijackers that packed up in two airliners in the World Trade Center of New York City that killed many people, Both buildings collapsed in two hours and destroyed other buildings too which happened on September 11 attacks on the United States (Gregory, June 2011). Then in 2001 the Taliban government claps and U.S. invade Afghanistan by NATO and its allied forces to disassemble the terrorist organization which is al-Qaeda and to eliminate the power of Taliban that controlled 90% of Afghanistan also to abolish their government, overthrow Laden, and to banish the al-Qaeda which were the main supporter of Taliban. International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) established in 2001 to maintain the security and to organize the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) also, in 2001 Bonn Conference selected Hamid Karzai as head of state (brattberg, May 2013 ). However, in 2003 Mullah Muhammad Omar reorganize the Taliban with the Haqqani Network and Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hikmateyar which made suicide attacks and they were against the Afghanistan government and ISAF forces. Moreover, in May 2011 the U.S. Navy SEALs killed the Osama bin Laden in Pakistan then NATO leader announced the exit strategy for withdrawal of its troops from Afghanistan in 2014 (Katzman, October 23, 2013 ).

However, the US and its international coalition's decision to withdraw their troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2014 have many significant impacts on presidential elections and Afghanistan expert to have a non-democratic election for the following reasons: because of the rising tension between Afghan president and U.S. president about singing of alliance agreement, and will have rapid rise of military violence throughout Afghanistan.

I. Will the US and its international coalition's decision to withdraw their troops from Afghanistan by the end...

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