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African Americans And Reconstruction Essay

705 words - 3 pages

On January 1, 1863 the decree that President Lincoln made that stated all slaves in seceded states not under union control were free took in to effect. Although, it wasn’t until 1865 that the 13th amendment was passed which officially making African Americans free in the United States. Shortly after this amendment passed the civil war ended with a victory for the North and created the reconstruction period. Even though the 13th amendment freed slaves it was not until the passing of 14th and 15th amendments that gave African Americans more rights and freedoms. After the 14th and 15th amendments were added to the constitution African Americans were legal citizens and were able to vote. ...view middle of the document...

One of the social changes was that gave more freedoms were the educational opportunities that became available to African American. After the civil war ended resulting in northern victory reconstruction started to take place in the south. Due to the fact African Americans were now free citizens and many other changes were occurring in the South the status of African Americans changed as well. African Americans were now free however they were considered second-class citizens and were very poor. Furthermore, African Americans were now working for landowners as sharecroppers and they barely earned a salary.
Even with all the freedoms and rights that African Americans received during reconstruction there were many things that did not change for blacks. One thing that most definitely did not change once African Americans were free was that they still had to deal with discrimination from the whites. One thing did not change was southern resistance to accepting them as citizens. In the south, Jim Crow laws were established which had three main parts that were put into action which were segregation,...

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