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African Americans Played A Key Role In Vietnam War

1568 words - 6 pages

Thesis: African Americans played a key role in Vietnam War and, in the process, changed the complexion of the U.S. Armed Forces
I. African Americans involves in the army
a. Irregular percentage of African Americans drafted in the military
b. The role of blacks in the Army
c. The Vietnam War as a genocide
II. Discrimination Issues
a. Armed Forces dominated by whites
b. Personal racism
c. Racist practices against blacks
d. African Americans in combat
III. Black Women in the Armed Forces
a. Segregation in working areas
b. Black women and their assignments
IV. The Black Power
a. Response to racism
b. The new black culture
c. Black’s own terminology
V. Consequences of Black response
a. Banned Manifestations
b. Widespread of racial violence
c. Transferring people to other areas

Hidden Heroism
Racial discrimination in the United States is not a new issue. African Americans have been discriminated against since 1619, when the first Africans were brought to Jamestown and served as slaves. After being killed, segregated and treated inequitably in 1965, the government gave equal opportunities to African Americans for the first time. Yet, the opportunity given was once again to serve the country. Their duty was to defend the nation during the Vietnam War. African Americans played a key roe in Vietnam and, in the process, changed the complexion of the U.S. Armed Forces. The fulfilled an extraordinary record of military service, regardless of the fact that they served under unequal conditions and were segregated with second-rate equipment (Young 333).
The Vietnam War had the highest percentage of blacks ever to serve in an American war (Jason). In the early years of U.S. involvement in Vietnam War, blacks composed ten percent of the population making up more than twelve percent of the soldiers in combat (Young 334). During American involvement in the war, African Americans were listed and reenlisted on the military draft at higher rates than any other nationalities including whites and Latin-Americans (Westheider 9). As a result, more African Americans than any othe r minority fought and died in combat. In addition, they constantly faced racism. One militant protested forcefully against the unfair conditions: “You should see for yourself how the black man is being treated over here and the ay we are dying. When it comes to rank, we are left out. When it comes to special privileges, we are left out. When it comes to patrols, perataions and so forth, we are first” (Gallagher). According to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., black youths represented an unequal share of early draftees and faced a significantly higher chance of seeing combat. “Rumors abounded that the U.S. government were using the Vietnam War as a form of genocide. Money was being pumped into Vietnam instead of poor black communities in America” (Gallegher).
Blacks had to deal with many discrimination issues throughout their...

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