The Pan Africanism movement covers the African diaspora subject across the globe, most recently in the Asian continent. The following communities discussed in this paper are from India and the Persian Gulf area.
In the Land of Israel, immigrants of Ethiopian began settling in the state since the 1970’s. Black Jews practice Judaism and Ethiopians migrated to Israel primarily for religious reasons. With roots going back to biblical times, Ethiopians Jews were surprise to find other groups of people who had been practicing the religion as well. The immigrants had a difficult time trying to enter the country by “returning to Israel.” In 1973, they were considered a part of the Jewish community and qualified to gain Israeli citizenship. As anti-Semitism rose in Ethiopia, the Jews of Ethiopia left for the Promised Land. Over time, the influx of Ethiopians came in with the assistance of government agencies and refuge operations. The Ethiopian immigrants were placed in temporary shelter and given monetary funds by the government along with Hebrew language classes. Those who came during those years currently have better opportunities. The black experience in Israel is an interesting one to be analyzed in conjunction with their national identity.
Ethiopian Jews have faced discrimination in a number of public sectors such as housing, education, military and other areas of Jewish life. Few have reported these incidences of discrimination. Most families live in the developing areas of Israel; some believe the reasoning behind it has to do with their African background when the Israeli agencies placed them there. Intriguingly enough, some Ethiopians were not aware that White Jews existed. Some have complained that they are segregated in the military. The stereotypical images have real life consequences intrude upon their daily lives. Trying to climb up the ladder is difficult enough; these various obstacles make it more difficult. Ethnocentrism overrides racism in many of these situations for Ethiopian immigrants. The level of acceptance for Ethiopians is very low and their place in society is not taken seriously. There is not a lot of interaction between Ethiopians and ethnic Israelis. For the younger generations, friendships are not formed as easily with Israelis.
Competing with other immigrant groups of people over resources in the nation of Israel, Ethiopian immigrants have to battle the negative associations that they have to AIDS and primal way of living. This perception is erroneously false and Ethiopians have been accused of receiving more assistance from government agencies. This is true since the government wanted Ethiopians to start on the right track and some Soviet immigrants have higher levels of education. Tensions rose between these two immigrant groups, which led to an altercation that occurred at the Jerusalem Diplomat Hotel, where four people were injured in the process. Other situations involve parents not wanting their children to be...