India L. Warren
World History 1112
April 17, 2014
“African Slave Trade in American History”
Slavery has taken place throughout the world since before ancient times, and the act of trading slaves was a common act throughout the world for centuries. Slavery previously existed in certain parts of Africa, Europe, Asia, and also in America before the beginning of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. What initially started out as an enormous search for trade in gold, spices, and etc., ended up turning into an callous human trading system of exporting African slaves, which would continue for well over 400 years. In the late 15th century, Europeans and Arabs removed slaves from the ...view middle of the document...
“In the 1400s, Prince Henry of Portugal initiated the plan to find direct routes to gain access to the gold trade in West Africa and Asia. During the fifteenth century, European countries found trade routes with Asia, particularly the spice islands of south-east Asia. Just as Spain sponsored Christopher Columbus in his attempt to find a sea route to Asia by sailing to the west, so Prince Henry and the Portuguese hoped to find a sea route to Asia by sailing around the coast of Africa.” The European exploration of the inland of Africa started out at the end of the 18th century. By time 1835 approached, Europeans had mapped out most of the northern areas of Africa. The middle decades of the 19th century presented the most renowned explorers of Europe. Those explorers were David Livingstone and H. M. Stanley, which both of them mapped enormous areas of Southern Africa and Central Africa. There became strenuous voyages in the 1850s and 1860s by Richard Burton, John Speke and James Grant whom located the great central lakes and the foundation of the Nile. By the end of the 19th century, Europeans had chronicled the Nile from its source, and mapped the courses of the Niger, Congo and Zambezi Rivers, and discovered all of the massive resources that Africa had to offer. “Even as late as the 1870s, European states still controlled only 10 percent of the African continent, all their territories being near the coast. The most important holdings were Angola and Mozambique, held by Portugal; the Cape Colony, held by the United Kingdom; and Algeria, held by France. By 1914, only Ethiopia and Liberia were independent of European control.” The Trans-Atlantic slave trade started around the mid-fifteenth century when Portuguese initially found interest in the rare deposits of gold that existed in Africa, to a much more readily available marketable item which were slaves, and also when Portugal, and other European tropical diseases. Africans, on the other hand, were excellent
monarchies, were finally able to expand overseas and reach Africa. The African slave trade initially took place because of expanding European empires in the New World lacked one major resource, which they needed a work force. In most cases the original people that were chosen for labor had proved that they were unreliable and most of them were dying from diseases brought over from Europe. The Europeans were unequipped to become acclimated to the different climates in which they suffered very major tropical diseases. Africans, on the other hand, were outstanding workers: “they often had experience of agriculture and keeping cattle, they were used to a tropical climate, resistant to tropical diseases, and they could be "worked very hard" on plantations or in mines.”
The Portuguese proceeded to the kidnapping of men, woman, and children from many African tribes from the west coast of Africa and to take those that were captured to Europe and various other countries. By the seventeenth century...