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African American Leaders Post Reconstruction Essay

1652 words - 7 pages

In 1854 Abraham Lincoln gave his Peoria, Kansas speech opposing slavery stating the Kansas Act had a "declared indifference, but as I must think, a covert real zeal for the spread of slavery, I cannot but hate it. I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself. I hate it because” it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world”. Abraham Lincoln became the sixteenth President of the United States in 1861. Growing up in non-slave territories as a child and disapproving of slavery, Lincoln had little support in the South. With the country moving forward into a new capitalist society through modernization, new workers would be needed. The South, dependent on slave labor that Lincoln opposed begin to resent this new leadership and set out to form their Government. Because there were no laws regarding slavery, Republicans tried to compromise with the South with money and territory. Lincoln not in favor said "I will suffer death before I consent ... to any concession or compromise which looks like buying the privilege to take possession of this government to which we have a constitutional right." In 1861 Lincoln signed the Confiscation Act, which gave authority to confiscate and free slave supporting the Confederate Union.
Abolitionists Horace Greeley and Frederick Douglass were urging Lincoln to free the slaves. Lincoln stated “If there be those who would not save the Union, unless they could at the same time save slavery, I do not agree with them. If there be those who would not save the Union unless they could at the same time destroy slavery, I do not agree with them. My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that. What I do about slavery and the colored race, I do because I believe it helps to save the Union; and what I forbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union.... I have here stated my purpose, according to my view of official duty; and I intend no modification of my oft-expressed personal wish that all men everywhere could be free”. In 1863 Lincoln issued the Emancipation freeing slaves whom belonged to the Confederacy, he had no control over and allowing the freedom of former slaves. The Emancipation Proclamation allowed freed slaves into the United States military
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey was born a slave in 1818 on the eastern shores of Maryland, becoming a companion of the slave owner’s children. After the death of Aaron Anthony the plantation master, Frederick was sent to Baltimore to work for Hugh and Sophia Auld. At the age of twelve years old Sophia Auld began to teach Frederick how to read despite it being against the law in Maryland. In 1837 Frederick meant Anna Murray a...

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