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African Americans In The Civil War

1338 words - 5 pages

African Americans in the Civil War

About 180,000 African American people comprised 163 units that served in the Union Army, during the time of the Civil War, and many more African American people had served in the Union Navy. Both the free African-Americans and the runaway slaves had joined the fight. On the date of July 17, in the year of 1862, the U. S. Congress had passed two very important acts that would allow the enlistment of many African Americans, but the official enrollment had occurred only after the September, 1862, issuance of the, Emancipation Proclamation. In general, most white soldiers and officers, had believed that most of the black men, who had served in the Civil War, lacked the courage, and the will to fight and the power to fight well. In October, in the year, 1862, many African American soldiers, who were a part of the, 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers, had silenced their critics by repulsing the numerous attacking Confederates at the battle of Island Mound, in Missouri. By the date of August, 1863, fourteen of the Negro Regiments, were in the open field and they were ready for service. During the Battle of Port Hudson, on May 27, 1863, the many African American soldiers, had courageously advanced over the open fields, in the face of, danger, and deadly artillery fire. Although the attack had failed, the African American soldiers had proved their capability to withstand the heat of battle.

On the date of July 17, in the year of 1863, at Honey Springs, in what was then Indian Territory, and what is now the present-day state of Oklahoma, the, 1st Kansas Colored's, had fought with bravery once more. The many Union troops, which were under the power of General James Blunt, had ran into the very strong Confederate force, which was then under the power of General Douglas Cooper. After the two-hour bloody battle, General Douglas Cooper's soldiers had retreated from the area. The 1st Kansas Colored's, which had held the center of the Union line, were able to advance their status, to within around fifty paces from the Confederate line, and they had exchanged gunfire for around twenty minutes, until the Confederates, had finally broke and ran. General James Blunt, of the Union, had wrote after the battle, "I had never seen such fighting as was done by the Negro regiment. The only question that the Negroes, will be able fight has been settled, and besides they make better soldiers in every other respect, than any of the troops, that I have ever had under my own command."

The most widely known battle which was fought by many African American soldiers, was the assault on Fort Wagner, in the southern state of South Carolina, by the 54th Massachusetts, on the date of July 18, 1863. The 54th Massachusetts had volunteered to lead the assault, on the strongly-fortified Confederate grounds. The soldiers of the 54th Massachusetts, had been able to scale Fort Wagner's, parapet, or military barricade, and then they...

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