African American Women In The Workplace: The Interwoven Effects Of Gender & Race Discrimination

3175 words - 13 pages


In 1964, the Civil Rights Act was enacted to do away with much of the conspicuous discrimination that was going on in the American workplace. Despite this, discrimination in the workplace continues albeit in a more covert manner, making it very hard to diagnose and prescribe a solution. The 1964 Civil Rights Act was enacted to remove any form of discrimination against any persons because of their race, religion, sex, or national origin. In 1967, it was made illegal for employers to discriminate because of age and in 1990, Congress said employers could not discriminate because of ones disability. African Americans have suffered from workplace discrimination far more than any other demographic in the workforce; this can be attributed to negative socially constructed stereotypes that are deeply rooted in American ideology.

Women have experienced much progress as a result of these government-enacted regulations; however, the majority of women are continually forced into professions that are typically recognized as female dominated professions. Furthermore, women across the board, no matter what sector of the job market they are in, are paid less than their male counterparts. More often than not, women are passed over for promotions and are not even considered for positions of prestige and power. Pregnant women time and time again are disregarded in the hiring process because of false preconceived notions about their skills and ability to perform in the workplace. Employers are for the most part intolerant and contemptuous of women with responsibilities to their family, ignoring any past or current achievements of the intelligent hard working female they are quick to dismiss. Women in America have come a long way from the days of Susan B. Anthony fighting for women’s suffrage, but still they struggle to be looked at as equals by not only their male counterparts but also their government that repeatedly proves itself to be ignorant of the gender biased society that we live in (Kalev, Kelly & Dobbin).

It has been established and generally recognized that African Americans face racial bias in the workplace and that women face occupational disadvantages when compared to men. So, when talking about the plight of the African American female in the workplace it is important to recognize the duality of the discrimination they face in the workplace. African American women face occupational disadvantage based on their gender and on top of that, occupational disadvantage based on their race. When juxtaposed with their Caucasian counterparts, the unemployment rate for African American women is 14.1% and a mere 7.5% for white women. One study done by McGuire and Reskin in 1993 revealed that African American women were not treated the same for their skill sets when it came to the amount of power they held in their positions and wages they earned when compared to African American men, White women, or White men.
Both African American women...

Find Another Essay On African - American Women in the Workplace: The Interwoven Effects of Gender & Race Discrimination

Gender Discrimination in the Workplace in the Field of Medicine

898 words - 4 pages United States, Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to graduate from a medical school in 1821. The list goes on and on. This demonstrates that over time, women have slowly been advancing further towards the gender equalization in the medical field. For instance, women were 9% of the enrolled at medical schools in 1969 but by 1976, this number had increased to 20%.Even though this is true, discrimination against women in the medical field still

Gender Analysis:Unfair Treatment to Women in the Workplace

2256 words - 9 pages women in the labor market has been major in earlier times and though the numbers are more encouraging in the current state, there is still a need for critical changes. The following sections help shape a more defined approach towards the kinds of discrimination against women in the labor market; the disadvantages and effects on their professional lives. Inadequate Pay for Women Women in the work place are discriminated against for numerous

Negative Effects of Gender Discrimination at Workplaces in the USA

1273 words - 5 pages related to the differential distribution of men and women across positions of power, prestige and responsibilities, and studies show that women are less likely than men to hold authority positions’ (Rosenfeld, et al. cited in Birkelund, G., and Sandnes, T., 2003, p204). To conclude, discernibility in promoting workers in accordance with their gender is one of the most harmful aspects of discrimination. Ultimately, unfair wage distribution is

Discrimination in the Workplace

1998 words - 8 pages workplace. One way of expressing discrimination is denying one a job because of his/her race or gender, or treating others unfairly because of his/her race or gender. Discrimination can lead to quitting a job, and possibly doing something harmful to oneself or to the provoker. More examples of different types of discriminations. First, sex discrimination against women; because men are the more dominant figure in todays society they receive more

Discrimination In The Workplace

1737 words - 7 pages dollar.Sexual Harassment: Sexual Harassment is a form of gender discrimination in which a person's biased behavior is so persistent that it creates a hostile or abusive work environment. After United States Supreme Courts ruled in a sexual harassment case they approved systems that women no longer needed to show psychological harm in order to prove that they were sexually harassed in the work place; many companies were requiring all new employees to sign

Discrimination in the Workplace

637 words - 3 pages An American citizen has the right to apply for and be fairly considered for jobs, apprenticeships and traineeships on the basis of merit. There are laws in America that state the rights of American citizens in regards to securing employment. These laws are only relevant to employers who employ 15 or more employees. What about the smaller companies? Should they be liable to adhere to these same laws? A law should protect each employee whether or

The Portrayal of African American Women in Recent Films

1760 words - 8 pages Winfrey, who “promotes the empowerment of women” (Cotton & Springer, 2010, p. 20), through ‘The Oprah Winfrey Show’, which provides a platform for the voice of women, especially African American women, to be heard. She is the representation of success since she is not limited by her race or gender, breaking through the “glass ceiling” (Cotton & Springer, 2010, p. 22), and being the most successful African American woman in this century. It is

African American Women in the Prison System

1769 words - 7 pages theory is explained best as the ideas/prejudices used by society to generalize and exaggerate characteristics of a certain gender, class or race category of a person, which subsequently causes stereotypes to be formed and change an individual's view of themselves and their role in society. Throughout American and some European history, African American men and women have been considered in all aspects inferior and incompetent in comparison to the

History of Racial discrimination in the Workplace.

1730 words - 7 pages society. I will also debate whether I think affirmative action is a fair method to implement in organisations, and also whether it can be considered to be fair from a philosophical perspective.Affirmative action was defined as an attempt to enlarge opportunity for everyone, it was designed to redress the imbalances caused by long-standing discrimination. Defenders of affirmative action argue that granting modest advantages to minorities and women is

Eliminating Discrimination In The Workplace

1989 words - 8 pages employers or employees to become prejudice or discriminate against someone who they view as less competent. Additionally, race and ethnicity are also strong indicators of discrimination in the workplace (Jones, 2001; Ramasubramanian, 2010). To be more specific, minorities like African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians are more likely to experience discrimination than Caucasians due to the lower-status positions they receive (Hirsh & Lyons, 2010

Sex Discrimination in the Workplace.

1253 words - 5 pages Women and men are different biologically; all cultures interpret these biological differences into a set of social expressions that outline which behaviors and activities are appropriate. Like race, ethnicity, and class, gender is a social category that largely establishes one's opportunities in life and further shapes one's participation in society and in the economy. Although expectations may vary in each culture, nearly every society gives

Similar Essays

African American Women: Understanding The Problems Of Gender And Race

2328 words - 9 pages as a double minority but there also has to be an acknowledgment of other factors as well. “Managing the interlocking effects of racism and sexism is a core theme in the daily life experiences of Black women. The triangulation of race, gender, and socioeconomic status affect the psychological well-being of African American women. Similarly, these factors have impact on a myriad of other cultural and demographic factors in these women’s lives (e.g

Gender Discrimination In The Workplace Essay

1867 words - 7 pages laws increase the status in the workplace. However researches show that this act is still pending. In a research which discuss a bill to end gender pay discrimination. At the time of this article’s publication, statistics shows that on average, women earned only 77 percent of the amount men earned. American women were claiming a small victory regarding to a bill designed to end gender based pay discrimination H.R. 1338, the pay check fairness act

Gender Discrimination In The Workplace Essay

2825 words - 11 pages treated unfairly in the workplace. Women are unlikely to pursue this option against their employers because of limited resources, i.e. money and time. Gender discrimination in the workplace is not only evident in the pay gap but also in sexual harassment and the “glass ceiling” in organizations. The term glass ceiling began as a reference to discrimination against women in the work force. “Glass ceiling” encompasses many different kinds of

Discrimination Of African American Women In Academics

1087 words - 5 pages Discrimination of African American Women in Academics Human history is long and filled with discrimination. People with the same color discriminate others. The most famous and obvious is that the White people discriminate colored people. In addition, people within the same race discriminated their own member by their gender, religious, political stands, etc. Women have been discriminated for decades. Before race is an issue, women in difference