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Africans In America: The Effects Of African American On 1920s, 1930s, And 1940s Culture

2244 words - 9 pages

Africans in America (1931-1955)A movement of great importance and deep meaning came about during a time not so long past. The 1930's-50's brought a movement of integrity and of the idea that though we are all different people, we belong to one country.A major turning point in standing against oppression came in the case of Brown vs. Board. Brown vs. Board of Education is commonly mistaken as a single case, when it was really a combination of five cases; all dealing with segregation in schools.In Kansas was the Brown vs. Board case. It argued over the eighteen schools for whites and the only four available for blacks. The decision was unanimous that segregation was wrong. Delaware's case was Belton vs. Gebhart where kids were forced to ride a bus for an hour and in some cases given no transportation at all to a one-room shack. While the plaintiffs won, not all Delaware schools were affected by the decision. South Carolinas Briggs vs. Elliot fought for equal facilities. The order for change resulted in no change nonetheless. In Virginia Davis vs. County School Board of Prince Edward County resulted in a ruling for better building conditions. D.C.'s Bolling vs. Sharpe decision was that "segregation in D.C. is a denial of the due process of law guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment."While the Brown vs. Board of Education cases collectively resulted in a change for African Americans education, it did not solve segregation immediately, though it did set the stage for the later civil rights movement.The civil rights movement is often associated with the bus boycotts and Rosa Parks in the mid 1950's to 1960's. However, the movement started with the Depression in the 1930's. The unemployment rates of blacks during this time sparked writers, like Langston Hughes, to speak on the topic of racism. Once they did, it opened the African-American mind to see that after 300 years, they still bare the burden of the toughest labor.It was understood that unskilled white workers also suffered and something had to be done. Several work unions were formed including the AFL (American Federation of Labor) CIO (Congress of Industrial Organizations) NNC (National Negro Congress) and BSCP. Philip Randolph, president of NNC, played a big role in the union cause. He compromised with President Roosevelt for executive order which outlawed discrimination in the government.Another major point of the civil rights movement is the trial of the Scottsboro boys. There were nine young black men that fought with white men and raped white women. They faced the death penalty when the NAACP and International Labor Force stepped up to defend them, they got were able to lessen the sentence. This began the movement that questioned African American's right in the court room.The early civil rights movement of the 1930's led to the later movement that resulted in society as we know it today.Some of the biggest racial barriers in the 1930's, 40's, and 50's were those of sports. Blacks were not...

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