Nasal decongestants can be considered a magic solution for people that suffer congestion. Most can be bought over the counter, (medicine sold directly to final customer without any medical prescription). Decongestants are medicines used for inflammation and swelling of the nasal tissues and blood vessels. There are several reasons why people use nasal decongestants like Afrin. The main one is because it works immediately, Alleviating the nasal congestion, just by the application of a couple of squirts into the nose.
The main component in Afrin is Oxymetazoline, which works inside the nasal passages as a Vasoconstrictor. “Vasoconstrictor drugs contract the smooth muscle in blood vessels, which causes the vessels to constrict” (Richard E. Klabunde, 2007). These contractions with the blood vessels reduce the blood flow in the nose.
The nose is related with the sense of smell and air conditioning. The important parts of the nose internally are Cilia, turbinate or nasal concha, and mucous membranes. Cilia are the microscopic hairs that line the respiratory tract and prevent any bacteria from getting inside the lungs. Nasal concha or turbinate refers to any spongy bones of the nasal passage, composed mostly of mucosal tissue responsible for filtration, humidification and heating of air. “The mucous membrane helps allow for easier transport of microorganisms out of the respiratory system, protecting the body by creating a barrier” (Biology Institute, 2010). Also it can act as a lubricant, and facilitates gas exchange and absorption. Under these conditions the nose can work normally.
A virus, allergy or sinusitis can make the nose work on abnormal conditions. The symptoms are excess of fluids, irritation, itching. As these symptoms become more frequent, people often opt to alleviate the problem with decongestant sprays.
Nasal sprays have been used for many years from one generation to another, for decongestions with just natural techniques that were able to make people feel healthy. As an example the steaming pot boiling water. It consists with just putting the face near the water and breathing in the steam. Other natural technique that were discovered by a scientist, consist when people take a swim. This makes the symptoms disappeared just by making that exercise, because of the complete movement that the body makes with this activity. The natural methods were working well, but not sufficient to deal with that problem (Cameron, 2011).
As an opportunity was identified by Pharmaceutical companies chemicals were developed to better combat decongestion. Besides their...